Senegal Population

BACK TO THE FRONT PAGE
BASIC INFO.
ECONOMY
GEOGRAPHY
GOVERNMENT
HISTORY
HUMAN RIGHTS
LINKS
NEWS
PEOPLE
shadow 
 

SENEGAL

Population:

13,711,597 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68

Age structure:

0-14 years: 42.2% (male 2,911,324/female 2,877,804)
15-64 years: 54.8% (male 3,728,664/female 3,786,000)
65 years and over: 3% (male 190,343/female 217,462) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 18.6 years
male: 18.4 years
female: 18.8 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

2.709% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 22

Birth rate:

36.84 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

Death rate:

9.75 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 68

Net migration rate:

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 84

Urbanization:

urban population: 42% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 3.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 58.94 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 40
male: 65.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 51.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 59 years
country comparison to the world: 186
male: 57.12 years
female: 60.93 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

4.95 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 31

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

1% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

67,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 57

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

1,800 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 63

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and yellow fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese

Ethnic groups:

Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%

Religions:

Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1%

Languages:

French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 39.3%
male: 51.1%
female: 29.2% (2002 est.)

Education expenditures:


About 70% of Senegal's population is rural. In rural areas, density varies from about 77 per square kilometer (200 per sq. mi.) in the west-central region to 2 per square kilometer (5 per sq. mi.) in the arid eastern section. About 50,000 Europeans (mostly French) and Lebanese reside in Senegal, mainly in the cities. French is the official language but is used regularly only by the literate minority. All Senegalese speak an indigenous language, of which Wolof has the largest usage.
POPULATION GRAPH