Saudi Arabia Population  

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SAUDI ARABIA

Population:

28,686,633

country comparison to the world: 43
note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2009 est.)

Age structure:

0-14 years: 38% (male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614)
15-64 years: 59.5% (male 9,608,032/female 7,473,543)
65 years and over: 2.5% (male 363,241/female 343,750) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 21.6 years
male: 22.9 years
female: 19.9 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.848% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

Birth rate:

28.55 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 52

Death rate:

2.47 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 219

Net migration rate:

-7.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 174

Urbanization:

urban population: 82% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 2.5% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.29 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.06 male(s)/female
total population: 1.18 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 11.57 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 148
male: 13.15 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 76.3 years
country comparison to the world: 69
male: 74.23 years
female: 78.48 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

3.83 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 49

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.01% (2001 est.)

country comparison to the world: 169

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

NA

Nationality:

noun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian

Ethnic groups:

Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religions:

Muslim 100%

Languages:

Arabic

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.8%
male: 84.7%
female: 70.8% (2003 est.)

Education expenditures:

6.8% of GDP (2004)

country comparison to the world: 28


Most Saudis are ethnically Arab. Some are of mixed ethnic origin and are descended from Turks, Iranians, Indonesians, Indians, Africans, and others, most of whom immigrated as pilgrims and reside in the Hijaz region along the Red Sea coast. Many Arabs from nearby countries are employed in the kingdom. There also are significant numbers of expatriate workers from North America, South Asia, Europe, and East Asia.
POPULATION GRAPH