Romania Population  

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ROMANIA

Population:

22,215,421 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 52

Age structure:

0-14 years: 15.5% (male 1,772,583/female 1,681,539)
15-64 years: 69.7% (male 7,711,062/female 7,784,041)
65 years and over: 14.7% (male 1,332,120/female 1,934,076) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 37.7 years
male: 36.3 years
female: 39.2 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

-0.147% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 217

Birth rate:

10.53 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 185

Death rate:

11.88 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 39

Net migration rate:

-0.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 95

Urbanization:

urban population: 54% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: -0.1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 22.9 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 95
male: 25.94 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 72.45 years
country comparison to the world: 117
male: 68.95 years
female: 76.16 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.39 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 198

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

less than 0.1% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 126

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

15,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

350 (2001 est.)

country comparison to the world: 102

Nationality:

noun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian

Ethnic groups:

Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)

Religions:

Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)

Languages:

Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.3%
male: 98.4%
female: 96.3% (2002 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2006)

Education expenditures:


About 89% of the people are ethnic Romanians, a group that--in contrast to its Slav or Hungarian neighbors--traces itself to Latin-speaking Romans who in the second and third centuries A.D. conquered and settled among the ancient Dacians, a Thracian people. As a result, the Romanian language, although containing elements of Slavic, Turkish, and other languages, is a Romance language related to French and Italian.
POPULATION GRAPH