Portugal Population
 

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PORTUGAL

The population of Portugal is made up of homogeneous Mediterranean stock on the mainland, Azores, and Madeira Islands. Less than 100,000 citizens of black African descent, who immigrated in 1970s to Portugal from its former colonies in Africa; small number of Gypsies; small Jewish community.
POPULATION GRAPH

Population:

10,707,924 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 76

Age structure:

0-14 years: 16.3% (male 912,147/female 834,941)
15-64 years: 66.1% (male 3,525,717/female 3,554,513)
65 years and over: 17.6% (male 772,413/female 1,108,193) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 39.4 years
male: 37.3 years
female: 41.6 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

0.275% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 177

Birth rate:

10.29 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 191

Death rate:

10.68 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 54

Net migration rate:

3.14 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 29

Urbanization:

urban population: 59% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 4.78 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 195
male: 5.24 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 78.21 years
country comparison to the world: 48
male: 74.95 years
female: 81.69 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.49 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 188

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 74

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

34,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 69

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

fewer than 500 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 89

Nationality:

noun: Portuguese (singular and plural)
adjective: Portuguese

Ethnic groups:

homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal

Religions:

Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census)

Languages:

Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official - but locally used)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
male: 95.5%
female: 91.3% (2003 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2006)

Education expenditures:

5.5% of GDP (2005)

country comparison to the world: 50