Peru Population
 

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PERU

Most Peruvians are "mestizo," a term that usually refers to a mixture of Amerindians and Peruvians of European descent. Peruvians of European descent make up about 15% of the population; there also are smaller numbers of persons of African, Japanese, and Chinese descent. In the past decade, Peruvians of Asian heritage have made significant advancements in business and political fields; the president, a cabinet member, and several members of the Peruvian congress are of Japanese or Chinese descent.

Population:

29,546,963 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 41

Age structure:

0-14 years: 29.1% (male 4,370,923/female 4,216,364)
15-64 years: 65.2% (male 9,695,270/female 9,574,018)
65 years and over: 5.7% (male 796,631/female 893,757) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 26.1 years
male: 25.8 years
female: 26.4 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.229% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 108

Birth rate:

19.38 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 107

Death rate:

6.14 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 158

Net migration rate:

-0.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 121

Urbanization:

urban population: 71% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 28.62 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 78
male: 31.07 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26.06 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 70.74 years
country comparison to the world: 138
male: 68.88 years
female: 72.69 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.37 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 106

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 77

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

76,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

3,300 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 55

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Peruvian(s)
adjective: Peruvian

Ethnic groups:

Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%

Religions:

Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 Census)

Languages:

Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.9%
male: 96.4%
female: 89.4% (2007 Census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 14 years (2006)

Education expenditures:

2.5% of GDP (2006)

country comparison to the world: 157


POPULATION GRAPH