Papua New Guinea Population
 

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PAPUA NEW GUINEA

The indigenous population of Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. Papua New Guinea hasseveral thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people. Divided by language, customs, and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in tribal warfare with their neighbors for centuries.
POPULATION GRAPH

Population:

3,360,474 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 135

Age structure:

0-14 years: 29.3% (male 501,950/female 481,750)
15-64 years: 63.9% (male 1,085,435/female 1,061,530)
65 years and over: 6.8% (male 106,934/female 122,875) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 27 years
male: 26.6 years
female: 27.3 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.503% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 87

Birth rate:

20.18 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 96

Death rate:

4.66 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 196

Net migration rate:

-0.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 112

Urbanization:

urban population: 73% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 2.7% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 12.67 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 139
male: 13.53 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 77.25 years
country comparison to the world: 59
male: 74.47 years
female: 80.16 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.53 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 92

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

1% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 53

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

20,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 80

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

fewer than 1,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 77

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Panamanian(s)
adjective: Panamanian

Ethnic groups:

mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%

Religions:

Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%

Languages:

Spanish (official), English 14%; note - many Panamanians bilingual

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.9%
male: 92.5%
female: 91.2% (2000 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2006)

Education expenditures:

3.8% of GDP (2004)

country comparison to the world: 114