Niger Population  

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NIGER

The largest ethnic groups in Niger are the Hausa, who also constitute the major ethnic group in northern Nigeria, and the Djerma-Songhai, who are also found in parts of Mali. Both groups are sedentary farmers who live in the arable, southern tier. The remainder of the Nigerien people are nomadic or seminomadic livestock-raising peoples--Fulani, Tuareg, Kanouri, and Toubou. With rapidly growing populations and the consequent competition for meager natural resources, lifestyles of these two types of peoples have come increasingly into conflict in Niger in recent years.
POPULATION GRAPH

Population:

15,306,252 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 64

Age structure:

0-14 years: 49.6% (male 3,840,379/female 3,758,674)
15-64 years: 48% (male 3,658,361/female 3,690,373)
65 years and over: 2.3% (male 159,984/female 198,481) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 15.2 years
male: 14.9 years
female: 15.4 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

3.677% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 2

Birth rate:

51.6 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 1

Death rate:

14.83 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 21

Net migration rate:

-0.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 115

Urbanization:

urban population: 16% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 116.66 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 5
male: 121.72 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 111.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 52.6 years
country comparison to the world: 201
male: 51.39 years
female: 53.85 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

7.75 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 1

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.8% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 58

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

60,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 60

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

4,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 50

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Nigerien(s)
adjective: Nigerien

Ethnic groups:

Haoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Tuareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 census)

Religions:

Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%

Languages:

French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 28.7%
male: 42.9%
female: 15.1% (2005 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 4 years
male: 5 years
female: 3 years (2006)

Education expenditures:

3.4% of GDP (2006)

country comparison to the world: 134