Nepal Population  

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NEPAL

POPULATION GRAPH

Population:

28,563,377 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 44

Age structure:

0-14 years: 36.6% (male 5,327,484/female 5,127,178)
15-64 years: 59.2% (male 8,094,494/female 8,812,675)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 566,666/female 634,880) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 20.8 years
male: 19.8 years
female: 21.7 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.281% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 106

Birth rate:

23.18 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 78

Death rate:

6.97 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 133

Net migration rate:

-3.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 154

Urbanization:

urban population: 17% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 4.9% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 47.46 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 54
male: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 47.52 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 65.46 years
country comparison to the world: 165
male: 64.3 years
female: 66.67 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.64 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 88

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

0.5% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 79

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

70,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 56

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

5,000 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 45

Major infectious diseases:

degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2009)

Nationality:

noun: Nepalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Nepalese

Ethnic groups:

Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)

Religions:

Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census)

note: only official Hindu state in the world

Languages:

Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana) 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other 10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census)

note: many in government and business also speak English (2001 est.)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 48.6%
male: 62.7%
female: 34.9% (2001 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2003)

Education expenditures:

3.4% of GDP (2003)

country comparison to the world: 133