Mongolia Population  

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MONGOLIA

Ethnic Mongols account for about 85% of the population and consist of Khalkha and other groups, all distinguished primarily by dialects of the Mongol language. Mongol is an Altaic language--from the Altaic Mountains of Central Asia, a language family comprising the Turkic, Tungusic, and Mongolic subfamilies--and is related to Turkic (Uzbek, Turkish, and Kazakh), Korean, and, possibly, Japanese. The Khalkha make up 90% of the ethnic Mongol population. The remaining 10% include Durbet Mongols and others in the north and Dariganga Mongols in the east. Turkic speakers (Kazakhs, Turvins, and Khotans) constitute 7% of Mongolia's population, and the rest are Tungusic-speakers, Chinese, and Russians. Most Russians left the country following the withdrawal of economic aid and collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
POPULATION GRAPH

Population:

3,041,142 (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 137

Age structure:

0-14 years: 28.1% (male 436,391/female 418,923)
15-64 years: 67.9% (male 1,031,819/female 1,033,806)
65 years and over: 4% (male 52,430/female 67,773) (2009 est.)

Median age:

total: 25.3 years
male: 24.9 years
female: 25.7 years (2009 est.)

Population growth rate:

1.493% (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 89

Birth rate:

21.05 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 91

Death rate:

6.12 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 160

Net migration rate:

NA (2009 est.)

Urbanization:

urban population: 57% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.2% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 39.88 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 67
male: 42.99 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 36.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 67.65 years
country comparison to the world: 154
male: 65.23 years
female: 70.19 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.23 children born/woman (2009 est.)

country comparison to the world: 114

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:

less than 0.1% (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 133

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:

fewer than 500 (2007 est.)

country comparison to the world: 149

HIV/AIDS - deaths:

fewer than 200 (2003 est.)

country comparison to the world: 108

Nationality:

noun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian

Ethnic groups:

Mongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)

Religions:

Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004)

Languages:

Khalkha Mongol 90%, Turkic, Russian (1999)

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98%
female: 97.5% (2000 census)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 14 years (2006)

Education expenditures: