Israel Population  

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ISRAEL

The people of Israel are made up primarily of Jews with a large minority of Arabs. The Jews of Israel are primarily immigrants coming from both Europe and the Middle East. In recent years nearly one million Jews immigrated to Israel from the Soviet Union. Hebrew is the official language of the country.
POPULATION GRAPH

8,299,706 (July 2017 est.) (includes populations of the Golan Heights of Golan Sub-District and also East Jerusalem, which was annexed by Israel after 1967)
note: approximately 22,000 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2016); approximately 201,000 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2014)
country comparison to the world: 97
Nationality:
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groups:
Jewish 74.7% (of which Israel-born 76.3%, Europe/America/Oceania-born 16.2%, Africa-born 4.8%, Asia-born 2.7%), non-Jewish 25.2% (mostly Arab) (2016 est.)
Languages:
Hebrew (official), Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Religions:
Jewish 74.7%, Muslim 17.7%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.6%, other 4% (2016 est.)
religious affiliation:
Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.51% (male 1,168,351/female 1,114,902)
15-24 years: 15.53% (male 658,572/female 630,675)
25-54 years: 37.17% (male 1,577,187/female 1,507,793)
55-64 years: 8.46% (male 344,922/female 357,301)
65 years and over: 11.33% (male 421,660/female 518,343) (2017 est.)
population pyramid:
Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 64.2
youth dependency ratio: 45.7
elderly dependency ratio: 18.4
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2015 est.)
Median age:
total: 29.9 years
male: 29.3 years
female: 30.6 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
Population growth rate:
1.51% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
Birth rate:
18.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 96
Death rate:
5.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
Net migration rate:
2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
Population distribution:
population concentrated in and around Tel-Aviv, as well as around the Sea of Galilee; the south remains sparsely populated with the exception of the shore of the Gulf of Aqaba
Urbanization:
urban population: 92.3% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.5% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major urban areas - population:
Tel Aviv-Yafo 3.608 million; Haifa 1.097 million; JERUSALEM (proclaimed capital) 839,000 (2015)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth:
27.6 years (2015 est.)
Maternal mortality ratio:
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 170
Infant mortality rate:
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 204
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 82.5 years
male: 80.7 years
female: 84.5 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
Total fertility rate:
2.64 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 71
Health expenditures:
7.8% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 59
Physicians density:
3.58 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density:
3.1 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
26.1% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 45
Education expenditures:
5.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 57
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.8%
male: 98.7%
female: 96.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 8.6%
male: 8.2%
female: 9.1% (2016 est.)