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IRAN

The December 1979 Iranian constitution defines the political, economic, and social order of the Islamic republic. It declares that Shi'a Islam of the Twelver (Jaafari) sect is Iran's official religion. The country is governed by secular and religious leaders and governing bodies, and duties often overlap. The chief ruler is a religious leader or, in the absence of a single leader, a council of religious leaders.The president of the republic is elected by universal suffrage to a four-year term by an absolute majority of votes and supervises the affairs of the executive branch. The president appoints and supervises the Council of Ministers (members of the cabinet), coordinates government decisions, and selects government policies to be placed before the National Assembly.

The National Assembly consists of 270 members elected to a four-year term. The members are elected by direct and secret ballot. All legislation from the assembly must be reviewed by the Council of Guardians. The Council's six lawyers vote only on limited questions of the constitutionality of legislation; the religious members considerall bills for conformity to Islamic principles.
CURRENT GOVERNMENT
Supreme Leader KHAMENEI, Ali Hoseini-, Ayatollah
President Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD
Speaker of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Majles) Mahdavi-KARUBI, Mehdi, Hojjat ol-Eslam
Secretary of the Cabinet Ramezanzadeh, Abdollah
First Vice Pres. Aref-Yazdi, Mohammad Reza
Vice Pres. for Atomic Energy Aqazadeh-Khoi, Qolam Reza
Vice Pres. for Environmental Protection Ebtekar, Masumeh
Vice Pres. for Legal & Parliamentary Affairs Abtahi, Mohammad Ali, Hojjat ol-Eslam
Vice Pres. for Physical Training Mehr-Alizadeh, Mohsen
Vice Pres. for Management & Planning Satari-Far, Mohammad
Min. of Agriculture Jihad Hojati, Mahmud
Min. of Commerce Shariat-Madari, Mohammad
Min. of Communication & Information Technology Motamedi, Ahmad
Min. of Cooperatives Sufi, Ali
Min. of Defense & Armed Forces Logistics Shamkhani, Ali, VAdm.
Min. of Economic Affairs & Finance Mazaheri, Tahmasb
Min. of Education & Training Haji-Qaem, Morteza
Min. of Energy Bitaraf, Habibollah
Min. of Foreign Affairs Kharazi, (Ali Naqi) Kamal
Min. of Health, Treatment, & Medical Education Pezeshkian, Masud
Min. of Housing & Urban Development Abdol-Alizadeh, Ali
Min. of Industries & Mines Jahangiri, Eshaq
Min. of Intelligence & Security Yunesi, (Mohammad) Ali, Hojjat ol-Eslam
Min. of Interior Musavi-Lari, Abdol Vahed, Hojjat ol-Eslam
Min. of Islamic Culture & Guidance Masjed-Jamei, Ahmad
Min. of Justice Shoshtari, Mohammad Esmail, Hojjat ol-Eslam
Min. of Labor & Social Affairs Hoseini, Safdar
Min. of Petroleum Namdar-Zanganeh, Bijan
Min. of Roads & Transport Khoram, Ahmad
Min. of Science, Research & Technology Moin-Najafabadi, Mostafa
Governor, Central Bank Sheibani, Ebrahim
Head of Interest Section in the US Jahansuzan, Fariborz
Permanent Representative to the UN, New York Zarif-Khonsari, Mohammad Javad