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INDIA

The government exercises its broad administrative powers in the name of the president, whose duties are largely ceremonial. The president and vice president are elected indirectly for 5-year terms by a special electoral college. Their terms are staggered, and the vice president does not automatically become president following the death or removal from office of the president.

Real national executive power is centered in the Council of Ministers (cabinet), led by the prime minister. The president appoints the prime minister, who is designated by legislators of the political party or coalition commanding a parliamentary majority. The president then
appoints subordinate ministers on the advice of the prime minister.

India's bicameral parliament consists of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). The Council of Ministers is responsible to the Lok Sabha.

The legislatures of the states and union territories elect 233 members to the Rajya Sabha, and the president appoints another 12. The elected members of the Rajya Sabha serve
6-year terms, with one-third up for election every 2 years. The Lok Sabha consists of 545 members; 543 are directly elected to 5-year terms. The other two are appointed.
CURRENT GOVERNMENT
President Kalam, Abdul
Vice President Shekhawat, Bhairon Singh
Prime Minister Vajpayee, Atal Bihari
Dep. Prime Min. Advani, Lal Krishna
Principal Sec. to the Prime Minister's Office Mishra, Brajesh
National Security Adviser Mishra, Brajesh
Min. of Agriculture Singh, Ajit
Mini. of Agro & Rural Industries Gautam, Sangh Priya
Min. of Chemicals & Fertilizers Dhindsa, Sukhdev Singh
Min. of Civil Aviation Hussain, Syed Shahnawaz
Min. of Coal Munda, Kariya
Min. of Commerce & Industry Jaitley, Arun
Min. of Communications & Information Technology Shourie, Arun
Min. of Consumer Affairs Yadav, Sharad
Min. of Defense Fernandes, George
Min. of Disinvestment Shourie, Arun
Min. of Environment & Forests Baalu, T. R.
Min. of External Affairs Sinha, Yashwant
Min. of Finance & Company Affairs Singh, Jaswant
Min. of Food & Public Distribution Yadav, Sharad
Min. of Food Processing Industries Shanmugham, N. T.
Min. of Health & Family Welfare Swaraj, Sushma
Min. of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises Patil, Balasaheb Vikhe
Min. of Highways Khanduri, B. C., Maj. Gen. (Ret.)
Min. of Home Affairs & Personnel Advani, Lal Krishna
Min. of Human Resource Development Joshi, Murli Manohar, Dr.
Min. of Information & Broadcasting Prasad, Ravi Shankar
Min. of Information & Technology Mahajan, Pramod
Min. of Labor Verma, Sahib Singh
Min. of Law & Justice Jaitley, Arun
Min. of Mines Bais, Ramesh
Min. of Non-Conventional Energy Sources Kannappan, M.
Min. of Ocean Development Joshi, Murli Manohar, Dr.
Min. of Parliamentary Affairs Swaraj, Sushma
Min. of Petroleum & Natural Gas Naik, Ram
Min. of Power Geete, Anant
Min. of Public Grievance & Pensions Advani, Lal Krishna
Min. of Railways Kumar, Nitish
Min. of Road Transport Khanduri, B. C., Maj. Gen. (Ret.)
Min. of Science & Technology Joshi, Murli Manohar, Dr.
Min. of Shipping Sinha, Shatrughan
Min. of Small-Scale Industries & Development of North Eastern Region Thakur, C. P., Dr.
Min. of Social Justice & Empowerment Jatiya, Satya Narayan
Min. of Steel Tripathi, Braj Kishore
Min. of Textiles Rana, Kanshiram
Min. of Tourism & Culture Jagmohan ,
Min. of Tribal Affairs Oram, Jual
Min. of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation & Rural Development Ananth, Kumar
Min. of Water Resources Sethi, Arjun Charan
Min. of Youth Affairs & Sports Verma, Vikram
Min. Without Portfolio Maran, Murasoli
Min. of State for Agriculture Yadav, Hukumdeo Narayan
Min. of State for Chemicals & Fertilizers Singh, Chhattrapal
Min. of State for Civil Aviation Naik, Shripad Yesso
Min. of State for Commerce & Industry Rao, Chennamaneni Vidyasagar
Min. of State for Commerce & Industry Rudi, Rajiv Pratap
Min. of State for Communications & Information Technology Mahajan, Sumitra
Min. of State for Communications & Information Technology Thirunavukkarasar, Su
Min. of State for Consumer Affairs Maharia, Subhash
Min. of State for Consumer Affairs Prasad, V. Sreenivasa
Min. of State for Defense Gupta, Chaman Lal
Min. of State for Defense Rajagopal, O.
Min. of State for Environment & Forests Judev, Dilip Singh
Min. of State for External Affairs Khanna, Vinod
Min. of State for External Affairs Singh, Digvijay
Min. of State for Food Processing with Independent Charge Gupta, Chaman Lal
Min. of State for Finance & Company Affairs Adsul, Anandrao Vithoba
Min. of State for Finance & Company Affairs Ramachandran, Ginjee N.
Min. of State for Food & Public Distribution Maharia, Subhash
Min. of State for Food & Public Distribution Prasad, V. Sreenivasa
Min. of State for Health & Family Welfare Raja, A.
Min. of State for Home Affairs & Personnel Pathak, Harin
Min. of State for Home Affairs & Personnel Swami, I. D.
Min. of State for Human Resource Development Kathiria, Vallabh Bhai Ramjibhai, Dr.
Min. of State for Human Resource Development Meena, Jas Kaur
Min. of State for Human Resource Development Pradhan, Ashok
Min. of State for Labor Goel, Vijay
Min. of State for Parliamentary Affairs Goel, Vijay
Min. of State for Parliamentary Affairs Chikalia, Bhavnaben Devrajbhai
Min. of State for Parliamentary Affairs Rajagopal, O.
Min. of State for Petroleum & Natural Gas Gangwar, Santosh Kumar
Min. of State for Power Mehta, Jayawanti
Min. of State for Public Grievances & Pensions Pathak, Harin
Min. of State for Railways Dattatraya, Bandaru
Min. of State for Railways Moorthy, A. K.
Min. of State for Rural Development Raju, U. V. Krishnam
Min. of State for Rural Development Patil, Annasaheb M. K.
Min. of State for Science & Technology Rawat, Bachi Singh
Min. of State for Shipping Gandhi, Dilipkumar Mansukhlal
Min. of State for Small-Scale Industries & Development of North Eastern Region Sikdar, Tapan
Min. of State for Social Justice & Empowerment Paswan, Sanjay
Min. of State for Space, Atomic Energy,Statistics & Program Implementation, Planning Mookherjee, Satyabrata
Min. of State for Textiles Patil, Basangouda R.
Min. of State for Tourism & Culture Chikalia, Bhavnaben Devrajbhai
Min. of State for Tribal Affairs Kuleste, Faggan Singh
Min. of State for Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation Radhakrishnan, P.
Min. of State for Water Resources Chakravarty, Bijoya
Min. of State With Independent Charge Gautam, Sanghpriya
Governor, Reserve Bank Jalan, Bimal Nayan
Ambassador to the US Mansingh, Lalit
Permanent Representative to the UN, New York Nambiar, Vijay