Brazil Population  

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BRAZIL

Population:
176,029,560
note: Brazil took an intercensal count in August 1996 which reported a population of 157,079,573; that figure was about 5% lower than projections by the US Census Bureau, which is close to the implied underenumeration of 4.6% for the 1991 census; estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2002 est.)
Age structure:

0-14 years: 28% (male 25,140,954; female 24,199,276)
15-64 years: 66.4% (male 57,424,151; female 59,409,928)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 3,992,017; female 5,863,234) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate:
0.87% (2002 est.)
Birth rate:
18.08 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate:
9.32 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate:
-0.03 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
35.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 63.55 years
female: 67.91 years (2002 est.)
male: 59.4 years
Total fertility rate:
2.05 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.57% (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
540,000 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
18,000 (1999 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Brazilian(s)
adjective: Brazilian
Ethnic groups:
white (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Religions:
Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
Languages:
Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 83.3%
male: 83.3%
female: 83.2% (1995 est.)
Four major groups make up the Brazilian population: the Portuguese, who colonized in the 16th century; Africans brought to Brazil as slaves; various other European, Middle Eastern, and Asian immigrant groups who have settled in Brazil since the mid-19th century; and indigenous people of Tupi and Guarani language stock. Intermarriage between the Portuguese and indigenous people or slaves was common. Although the major European ethnic stock of Brazil was once Portuguese, subsequent waves of immigration have contributed to a diverse ethnic and cultural heritage.
POPULATION GRAPH