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AUSTRALIA

The Commonwealth government was created with a constitution patterned partly on the U.S. Constitution. The powers of the Commonwealth are specifically defined in the constitution, and the residual powers remain with the states.

The federal Parliament is bicameral, consisting of a 76-member Senate and a 148-member House of Representatives. The members of the House of Representatives are allocated among the states and territories roughly in proportion to population.
CURRENT GOVERNMENT
Governor General Michael JEFFERY, Maj. Gen. (Ret.)
Prime Minister John HOWARD
Dep. Prime Min. Mark VAILE
Min. for Aging Santo SANTORO
Min. for Agriculture, Fisheries, & Forestry Peter MCGAURAN
Min. for the Arts & Sport Rod KEMP
Min. for Communications, Information Technology, & the Arts Helen COONAN
Min. for Defense Brendan NELSON
Min. for Education, Science, & Training Julie BISHOP
Min. for Employment & Workplace Relations Kevin ANDREWS
Min. for the Environment & Heritage Ian CAMPBELL
Min. for Families, Community Services, & Indigenous Affairs Mal BROUGH
Min. for Finance & Administration Nicholas MINCHIN
Min. for Fisheries, Forestry, & Conservation Eric ABETZ
Min. for Foreign Affairs Alexander DOWNER
Min. for Health & Aging Anthony ABBOT
Min. for Human Services Joe HOCKEY
Min. for Immigration & Multicultural Affairs Amanda VANSTONE
Min. for Industry, Tourism, & Resources Ian E. MACFARLANE
Min. for Justice & Customs Christopher ELLISON
Min. of Local Government, Territories, & Roads Jim LLOYD
Min. for Revenue Peter DUTTON
Min. for Small Business & Tourism Fran BAILEY
Min. for Trade Warren TRUSS
Min. for Transport & Regional Services Mark VAILE
Min. for Veterans' Affairs Bruce BILLSON
Min. for Vocational & Technical Education Gary HARDGRAVE
Min. for Workforce Participation Sharman STONE
Treasurer Peter COSTELLO
Special Min. of State Gary NAIRN
Attorney General Philip RUDDOCK
Governor, Reserve Bank Glenn STEVENS
Ambassador to the US Dennis RICHARDSON
Permanent Representative to the UN, New York Robert HILL