Battle of Trafalgar

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Battle of Trafalgar
The Battle of Trafalgar established British naval superiority for over a hundred years. Napoleon was intent on crossing the English channel and capturing England. The minor impediment to this plan was the English navy that guarded the channel. The French navy under admiral Villeneuve developed a complicated plan to lure enough of the British fleet away from England to allow him a decisive victory. His plans however, failed to work out and eventually he found himself and his combined French and Spanish fleet in Cadiz, with Nelson awaiting off shore. Villeneuve facing imminent dismissal on the part of Napoleon decided to weigh anchor and fight Nelsons fleet.
The Allied fleet of French and Spanish ships outnumbered and outgunned Nelson ships. However, Nelson's innovative tactics and agressivness combined with superior British gunnery and ship handling insured a decisive British victory.