A MULTIMEDIA TEXTBOOK: TEACHER'S RESOURCE
© 1998 MultiEducator, Inc.
The Multimedia History Company
A MULTIMEDIA TEXTBOOK: TEACHER'S RESOURCE
INTRODUCTION: Teaching History with Multimedia
THE CORE CHRONOLOGY
I. Explorers .... .. 2
II. Colonies .. 5
III. Revolt ... .. 8
IV. New Nation .. .. 12
V. Westward Expansion ... .. 18
VI. Nation Divided .. 24
VII. Reconstruction .. .. 30
VIII. Industrialization .. 33
IX. World Stage .. .. .. 37
X. Twenties . .. 41
XI. Depression/War . .. .. 44
XII. Post-War . .. 50
XIII. Sixties .. 54
XIV. Today . .. 59
TIMELINES & ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
A. African American Timeline 62
B. Native American Timeline 64
C. Womens History Timeline 65
D. Presidents .. . . 66
E. First Ladies . 66
F. How The U.S. Grew .. 66
G. Statistics .. 67
H. Immigration 67
INTRODUCTION: TEACHING HISTORY WITH MULTIMEDIA
Multimedia history CD Roms can be used in numerous different way. The optimal use for the CD is as a replacement for, or in conjunction with a textbook. The CD Roms ability to combine text, photographs, video clips and first hand documents, enable the multimedia history format to exceed the capabilities of the best of the textbooks.
There are a number of additional uses for multimedia history CDs. CD ROMs can be used for independent study by individual and/or small group of students, or in a computer lab. The CD Roms resources can also be used by a teacher with an overhead projector to make presentations. History CDs can be placed in the library to be used as a student resource. Finally, since all of the resources of our programs are exportable, teachers can use our programs to prepare presentation for classroom use.
THE CORE CHRONOLOGY
The period of explorers chronicles the era when North America was first discovered by European explorers. It recalls what these adventurers were seeking out when they first began.
To learn about the early explorers, who they were and the countries from which they came.
B. History Makers
C. Major Events and Questions For Discussion:
Indians Live Peaceful Lives
1004... Vikings Land North America
1492... Columbus Sails To North America
Ã Where did Columbus think he was when he landed in North America?
EXERCISE: Have students present a description of the land as if they
1498... Cabot Claims North America For Great Britain
Ã What gave Cabot the right to claim North America for Britain?
1512... Ponce De Leon Explores Florida
Ã What was Ponce de Leon looking for when he explored Florida?
1513... Balboa Discovers Pacific
1517... Hudson Bay Discovered
1521... Cortez Completes Conquest Of Mexico
Ã Why did Cortez conquer Mexico instead of just explore the land?
1522... Magellan Completes Circle Of Globe
1524... Verazzano Discovers New York Bay
1533... Pizarro Kills Inca Chief
1534... Cartier Claims Canada For France
1542... Desoto Discovers The Mississippi
... Coronado Explores Southwest
1562... French Settle Florida
1579... Drake Circles Globe
Ã Have students read about Drakes voyage and create a log of where he visited.
D. Source Documents From The Period of the Explorers:
1492 Columbus Discovers America
1497 Cabot Discovers The Mainland
1513 Balboa Discovers Pacific
1524 Verrazano Discovers NY Harbor
1534 Cartier's Exploration Of Canada
1540 Coronado's Expedition To The Southwest
1542 The Death Of DeSoto
1579 Drake's Voyage
II. THE FIRST COLONIES
The Colonial Section of the American History Program covers the founding of each of the 13 original colonies. It also deals with some of the other major issues that governed the development of the colonies such as the defeat to the Spanish Armada. Events that effected the eventual development of the colonies, and in some cases continued to effect American History such as the arrival of the first slaves, or the hanging of religious dissenter, Quakers are covered in this section.
A. Objective: To Learn about the first North American settlements to be colonized.
B. Important Terms:
1. Virginia Company
2. Spanish Armada
3. James River
5. Indentured Servant
6. Dutch East India Company
7. Plymouth Rock
C. Major Events, Questions For Discussion and Selected Exercises:
1587 Roanoke Colony Founded
Ã Why do we know so little about the Roanoke Colony?
EXERCISE: The fate of the Roanoke colony is not known to this day. Try to have students attempt to solve this mystery that has remained unsolved to this day. Have students write a play or short story hypothesizing the history of this colony and its settlers the one clue we have being Croaten.
1588...Spanish Armada Defeated
Ã What was the importance of the defeat of the Spanish Armada?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the document presenting the charter of Jamestown.
Ã What rights are given to the residents of the Jamestown colony?
Ã What governing body was established?
Ã What is the enduring importance of the Jamestown settlement.
Ã What is meant by King James, assuring that settlers would have the same
rights as other Englishmen?
1610...Spanish Found Santa Fe
1614...Pocahontas Wed John Rolfe
Ã What importance, if any, was there to the wedding of Pocahontas?
Ã Has the story of Pocahontas conversion and wedding been used to replace the true story
of what became of the Indians who lived near Jamestown?
EXERCISE: Have the students read the entry in the Native American chronology on the conflict between the Indians and the Jamestown colony.
Ã What patterns were set for future interactions between the Indians and the
1619...First Black Brought to America
Ã In 1619 the first Blacks were brought to America. Were their circumstances any
different than others brought to America against their will.
1620...Mayflower Lands at Plymouth Rock
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have the students read the Mayflower Compact.
What did the colonist mean by the following: "convenient for the general good of the Colony, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience".
1624...New Netherlands Founded
Ã Why did the Dutch want to found a colony at New Netherlands?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have the students read the Charter Of Privileges
To Patrons. FREEDOMS AND EXEMPTIONS.
Ã How is it different from the Charter for Virginia.
Ã What is the difference between Patrons and regular colonists.
1630...Massachusetts Bay Colony
Ã What was special about the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
EXERCISE: Read the Charter of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Ã How is it similar and how does it differ from the other charters?
Ã Roger Williams believed in protecting the rights of Indians, as well as absolute
freedom of religion. Why was that a reason to banish him from the Massachusetts
1634...Catholics Found Maryland
1635...Williams Founds Rhode Island
Ã How was Roger Williams the father of the concept of separation of Church and State?
Ã The oldest synagogue in the United States is in Newport, Rhode Island. Was the first
Synagogue located in Newport by accident?
1637... Settler Militias Kill 500 Indians
Ã This was the largest single massacre of Indians to date.
Access the history of Pequot War from the Native American section.
Ã What started the Pequot War?
Ã Were the settler militias justified in declaring war on the Pequot?
1638... Connecticut Founded
EXERCISE: After its founding, Connecticuts settlers soon signed the "Fundamental Orders of Connecticut". The "Orders" stated that they were the basis for the first true
Constitution. Have students read the text of the "Orders" and explain how it is
Fundamentally different from all previous charters.
1638... New Sweden Founded
1659... Quaker Executed
Ã The Massachusetts Bay Colony persecuted Quakers and in effect hung them.
Why were their actions considered so dangerous to the new society?
EXERCISE: Hold a Mock Trial for Quakers.
1664...Dutch Yield to British
1665...New Jersey Founded
Ã How were the colonies of New York and New Jersey similar?
Ã Bacons revolution was the first of many in American history.
What were the causes?
1681...Pennsylvania Founded by William Penn
Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn as a haven for Quakers.
Ã How did Pennsylvania differ from other colonies?
Ã Why was Penn granted land for his colony?
Ã Was the charter issued to Pennsylvania any different from other charters?
1682...La Salle Claims Mississippi
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Examine the Navigation Acts in the document section. Their goal was to insure that goods transported to and from colonies were carried in
Ã Why did the British want to do this?
Ã How did the navigation acts change over time?
Ã What was the significance of La Salle claiming the Mississippi for France?
1690...Twenty Executed in Salem for Witchcraft
EXERCISE: Hold a Town meeting to debate this issue.
Ã How was James Olegelthorpe, the founder of Georgia, fundamentally different from
the other earlier governors of the colonies.
D. SOURCE DOCUMENTS FROM THE PERIOD OF THE FIRST COLONIES:
1620- First Charter Of Massachusetts
1620- Mayflower Compact
1621- Ordinance For Virginia
1629- Charter Of New Netherlands
1632- Charter Of Maryland
1638- Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut
1639- Articles Of New Haven
1643- New England Confederation
1643- Patent Of Providence Plantations
1649- Maryland Toleration Act
1660- Navigation Act
1662- Charter Of Connecticut
1662- First Charter Of Carolina
1663- Charter Of Rhode Island
1663- Grant To The Duke Of York
1663- Second Charter Of Carolina
1663- Second Navigation Act
1672- Third Navigation Act
1680- Charter Of Pennsylvania
1691- Second Charter Of Massachusetts
1696- Fourth Navigation Act
1713- Treaty Of Utrecht
1732- Charter Of Georgia
1733- Molasses Act Revolt
II. THE REVOLT
The Revolt section covers the period leading up to and including the Revolutionary War. It covers all of the major events that led to the war, as well as, some of the major battles in the war itself.
B. Important Terms:
1. Sugar Act
2. Stamp Act Congress
C. History Makers:
1. Thomas Paine
3. Nathan Hale
4. Thomas Jefferson
5. Benjamin Franklin
D. General Resources:
This section includes two multimedia presentations:
¹ The first covers the event leading to the Revolution
¹The second covers the military events in the war.
¹Use MultiEducators "Revolutionary War: Birth of a Nation" to trace the
different battles of the war.
E. Major Events, Questions For Discussion and Selected Exercises:
1754... French and Indian War
Ã How did the French Indian Wars begin the March toward Independence?
Ã What role did General Washington play in the war?
1764... British Impose new Taxes
Ã The British imposed the American Revenue Act?
EXERCISE: Read the text of the Acts. Ã How did the British justify the imposition of this tax?1765... Stamp Tax Passed Ã The Stamp Tax created a much greater uproar than the American Revenue Act. Why? ... Sons of Liberty Organized1767... Townshend Act Passed Ã The Townshend Act significantly increased the tensions between the colonies and England. How important were English domestic concerns in determining and convincing the British to impose the Townshend Act?1768... Colonist Boycott EXERCISE: The colonist responded to the Townshend Acts with a boycott of British
goods. They summarized their feelings in the circular letter. Have your students read the circular letter. The paragraph beginning: "It is, moreover, their humble opinion, which they express
with the greatest deference to the wisdom of the Parliament, that the acts made
there, imposing duties on the people of this province, with the sole and express
purpose of raising a revenue, are infringements of their natural and constitutional
rights; because, as they are not represented in the British Parliament, his Majesty's
Commons in Britain, by those acts, grant their property without their consent."
Sums up well the argument for no taxation without representation.
EXERCISE: Have students stage a protest or boycott against "taxation without representation".
... British Send Troops to Boston Ã What was the effect of the British dispatching troops to Boston to maintain order?1769... Spain Established Settlement in California1770... Boston Massacre Ã The Boston Massacre represents the first shedding of blood on the road to the Revolutionary War. How important was this event?
Ã Were the British soldiers justified in opening fire on the colonist?
EXERCISE: Set up a mock trail of the British troops.
1772... Townshend Act Rescinded
Ã Why did the British parliament repeal most of the Townshend Act while maintaining
it on tea?
1773... Boston Tea Party
Ã Why did the colonists dress up as Indians while perpetrating the Boston Tea Party?
1774... Coercive Acts Imposed
Ã Why did the British parliament impose the Coercive Acts?
Ã Were the British unaware of the potential response?
1774... First Continental Congress
Ã What caused the First Continental Congress to meet?
Ã The Congress issued a Declaration of Causes.
Have your students read the Declaration and summarize the complaints against
1775... Paul Revere Rides
EXERCISE: Paul Revere Midnight Ride is one of the most famous in history, partly
due to the poem by Robert Louis Stevenson. Have one of your students dramatically
read the poem aloud.
1775... Battle of Lexington
Ã The Revolutionary War began at Concord and Lexington. Did either side decide to
begin a war that day?
1776... Paine Publishes "Common Sense"
Ã Why was the publishing of Common Sense important?
1776... Declaration of Independence
Ã Why was the Declaration on Independence issued?
Ã Read the Declaration aloud. What are the enduring phrases that come to light?
EXERCISE: Establish a mock Continental Congress. Divide the class into two groups one group supporting immediate independence and the second group wishing to wait.
EXERCISE: Write and design the front page(s) of an American newspaper telling the tales of the revolution and its outcome.
1777... Battle of Saratoga
Ã Why was the American victory at Saratoga so important?
... Valley Forge
Ã Why has the name "Valley Forge" gone down in history as a place of American
1781... Articles of Confederation
Ã Why was there a needs for the Articles of Confederation?
Ã What powers did the Articles give to the States and what did they give to the
EXERCISE: Have the students read the Articles and summarize.
D. Source Documents From the Revolutionary War Period:
1762- Writ Of Assistance
1764- Sugar Act
1765- Stamp Act
1765- Stamp Act Congress
1765- Quartering Act
1766- Declaratory Act
1767- Act Suspending NY Assembly
1767- Townshend Act
1768- Massachusetts Circular Letter
1774- Administration Of Justice Act
1774- Boston Port Act
1774- The Association
1774- Declaration Of Resolves
1775- Declaration Of Causes
1775- Lord North's Conciliatory Resolution
1775- Report On Lord North's Conciliatory Resolution
1775- New England Restraining Act
1776- Declaration Of Independence
1777- Articles Of Confederation
1783- Treaty Of Paris
IV. NEW NATION
The section on the New Nation covers the key period of from the writing of the Constitution through to the War of 1812. It follows the story of the United States from a loose confederation of independent states to a national government that fights Great Britain to a stalemate.
A. Objective: To learn about the writing of the Constitution, as well as the first steps that the United States took as one nation.
B. Important Terms:
1. Articles of Confederation
4. Federalist Papers
5. Bill of Right
6. Bank of the US
7. Proclamation of Neutrality
8. Embargo Act
9. Non-Importation Act
C. History Makers:
3. John Adams
4. Thomas Jefferson
5. John Jay
6. John Marshall
7. Aaron Burr
8. James Madison
D. General Issues for Discussion and Activities on the New Nation Period:
¹What were George Washington's major accomplishments as President?
¹What were the major disagreements between the large states and the small States
in the writing of the Constitution?
¹Who stood to gain from the assumption of State debts by the federal government,
and why did Hamilton propose it?
¹What was the difference between the view of the strict constructionists and those
who believed in a more liberal interpretation of the Constitution?
¹What issues were raised by the Proclamation of Neutrality?
¹What was the "Quasi War"?
¹Why did some call the Election of Thomas Jefferson the "Second American
¹What was the Importance of the Louisiana Purchase?
¹What were the causes of the War of 1812?
¹Who won the War of 1812?
D. General Exercises:
Go to the statistics section:
¹Have students plot the growth of the United States according the population census
of 1790, 1800 and 1810.
¹Go to the President section: Compare the early lives of the Presidents in this era?
¹What do these Presidents share in common in their personal histories?
¹ In what ways do the Presidents personal histories differ?
The section includes three multimedia presentations:
¹ An overview of the period
¹ A presentation on the making of the Constitution
¹ A summation of the War of 1812
E. The following events are covered:
1786... Shays Revolt
Ã What were the causes of the Shays Rebellion?
Ã Why did the Shays Rebellion help lead to the meeting of the Constitutional
... Constitutional Convention Meets
Have the student listen to the programs movie on the "Making of the Constitution".
The presentation outlines the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
Ã What were those weaknesses?
Ã Who did these weaknesses most effect?
... Constitution Approved
Ã What were the major compromises reached in agreeing to the Constitution?
Ã What were the major disagreements between the large and small States?
Ã How were slaves treated in the Constitution?
EXERCISE: Examine the Constitution itself.
Ã What are the major provisions of the Constitution?
1788... Constitution Takes Effect
EXERCISE: There was significant debate surrounding the vote for ratification. A major
contribution to that debate was the publication of the Federalist Papers. The Federalist papers were a series of newspapers articles published by some of the key framers of the Constitution. Assign different students in the class different Federalist Papers to read. Have each summarize the paper and explain what it means.
Here are a list of the first Federalist Papers:
1. Hamilton writes the Introduction
2. Jay writes on the Dangers from Foreign Influence
3. Jay continues
4. Jay states that union brings strength
5. Jay writes how bad the a disunited country is
6. Hamilton writes about the danger of Civil War
7. Hamilton continues about the dangers of civil conflict
8. Hamilton writes more about the danger of civil conflict
9. Hamilton writes that the size of the union assures its security
10. Madison writes how faction can cause difficulties
11. Hamilton writes on the advantage of union for commerce and the navy
12. Hamilton writes how union will effect taxes
13. Hamilton writes how the union will lower the overall tax burden
14. Madison writes how the size of the union is right
15. Hamilton attacks the Articles of Confederation
EXERCISE: Have students design the first stamp/ or series of stamps for this new nation. What image/images or slogan/s best reflect the values for which the new nation stands?
1789... Washington Inaugurated
Ã Washington was inaugurated after a triumphant procession from Mt. Vernon to
EXERCISE: Have one of the students read the address.
1790... Federal Government Assumes State Debt
Ã The Assumption of State Debts by the federal government accrued to the benefit
of some states and not for others Why?
Ã What compromise had to be made to get some states to go along with assumption?
Ã What does this tell us about the nature of American politics?
1790 First Bank of the United States
Ã What was the purposes of the Bank of the United States?
Ã Hamilton wrote the First Report on Credit. Assign students to read the report.
What was the main argument put forth in the report?
Ã That same time Hamilton also authored a Report on Manufacturing.
What view did Hamilton have in this regard?
EXERCISE: Have students vote on which personality should be honored on the first coins.
1791... Bill of Rights Takes Effect
Ã As part of the ratification process it became clear that many people objected to the
Constitution because the feared the power of the federal government. The objectors
voiced fears that individual rights were not guaranteed. Thus, it was agreed that the
Constitution would be amended. What rights were provided for these amendments?
EXERCISE: Have students list, to the best of their memory, the top 10 rights accorded
to American citizens. See how these compare to the rights guaranteed under the
Bill of Rights.
Alternatively, have the class draft a students "Bill of Rights". Divide into small groups to rank the issues and come to a consensus vote on the top five. (As a check and balance, the teacher obviously has veto power in this exercise).
1793... Proclamation of Neutrality
Ã Why was the proclamation of neutrality so confidential?
... Genet Affair
Ã Who was citizen Genet ?
Ã What effect did the affair have on US French relations?
... Cotton Gin
Ã What was the importance of the invention of the cotton gin?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the long narrative written in the 19th century by
Journalist Horace Greeley telling the story of the invention of the cotton gin.
1794... Whiskey Rebellion
Ã The term "Whiskey Revolt" conjures up the image of a mutinous band of drunken
farmers. Whiskey, however, served another purpose in the days when transportation
was difficult. Explain.
EXERCISE: Students can also read a firsthand account of the revolt.
1795... Jays Treaty
Ã Why was the Jay Treaty so unpopular?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the preamble of treaty The United States and Great Britain had just fought a war and were soon going to fight another war, why such a friendly preamble?
... Pickneys Treaty
Ã Why did Spain agree to all of Americas demands in Pickneys treaty?
1796... Washingtons Farewell Address
Ã Washingtons "Farewell Address" was not an address at all. Rather, it was an
article published in a newspaper. What were the major themes of the address?
1797... XYZ Affair Ã The XYZ affair led to an undeclared war with France, called the Quasi War. What were the causes of the "Quasi War"?1798... Navy Department Created ... Alien and Sedition Act Ã The Alien and Sedition Act was one of the worst violations of civil rights in US history. Why was this act passed? What were its worst provisions?1799... Freis Rebellion ... Logan Act Ã The Logan Act was passed in 1799. Some people contend that former Presidents Jackson and Carter violated this act. What must they have done?1800... Peace Treaty With France
... Washington - US Capital
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: The capital of the United States was moved to
Washington, DC in 1800.
Have a student read the account of Abigail Adams the wife of the first President to live
in the White House describe what life was like in Washington in its early days.
1801... Thomas Jefferson Inaugurated
Ã The Election of Thomas Jefferson is considered by some to be a second revolution.
... Tripolitan War
Ã Before Jefferson became President he had argued that the powers of the Presidency
were limited. How might you explain President Jefferson sending the Navy to fight
the Tripolitans without a declaration of war from the Congress?
1803... Louisiana Purchase
... Marbury vs. Madison
Ã Why is the decision in Marbury vs. Madison so important?
Ã How did Supreme Court Justice Marshall expand the power of the
... Lewis and Clarke Expedition
EXERCISE: The Lewis and Clark expedition is the most well known of a series of journeys of Exploration of the West. The Journey of the Lewis and Clark was the
first to cross the entire continent and reach the Pacific. Trace Louis and Clarkes
journey on a map.
1804... Alexander Hamilton Killed
1807... Abolition of Slave Trade
Ã The importation of slavery was banned in 1807. Why did the ban have little impact?
... Embargo Act
Ã Why did the British Attack the Chesapeake?
Ã Why did the Embargo Act Fail?
... Non-Intercourse Act
1810... Macons Bill
1812... War of 1812
Ã What were the causes of the War of 1812?
Ã Why is the war sometimes called the second American Revolution?
1814... Hartford Convention
Ã Why did some of the attendees of the Hartford Convention believe in having some
of the states withdraw from the Union?
Ã Were their arguments any different than the Southern arguments before the
... Treaty of Ghent
1816... Second Bank of the United States
1817... Era of Good Feeling
Ã The "Era of Good Feeling" was the last period in American history without partisan
politics. Why did this trend not last?
1818 ... Seminole War
Ã What were the causes of this war?
1818... Rush Bagot Agreement
1819... Adams Onis Treaty
... First Steamship Crosses The Atlantic
Ã What was the importance of the Savanna the first steamship to cross
... Panic of 1819
This period in American history is marked by the rapid westward expansion of the United States.
This expansion effected other underlying problems primary helping to widen the chasm between North and South over slavery and economic policies.
A. Objective: To examine the western expansion of the United States. To understand the issues problems surrounding slavery and the budding US economy and the effect expansion had on them.
B. Important Terms:
1. Missouri Compromise
2. Spoils Systems
6. Popular Election
8. Indian Removal
9. Texas Independence
C. History Makers of the Expansion Period:
1. Chief Osceoloa
2. Daniel Webster
3. Justice Marshall
4. Henry Clay
5. John Calhoun
6. Cyrus McCormick
7. Governor Morrison
8. Winfield Scott
9. Sam Houston
10. Samuel Morse
11. Santa Ana
12. James Monroe
13. John Quincy Adams
14. Andrew Jackson
15. Martin Van Buren
16. William Harrison
17. John Tyler
18. James Polk
19. Zachary Taylor
20. Sojourners Truth
D. General Issues and Questions For Further Discussion on the Expansion Period:
1. How did the Westward Expansion of the United States exasperate the divide
between North and South during this period?
2. What were the causes of the Mexican American War?
3. What was the importance of the Age of Jackson?
E. Major Events, Issues for Questions & Selected Exercises
1820... Missouri Compromise
Ã Why did the issue of slavery come to the fore in 1820?
Ã What were the major compromises that made up the Missouri Compromise?
Ã Did the Missouri Compromise only lay the seeds for later conflict?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: The Missouri Compromise was made up of a number of separate acts, have students read the different acts and then explain how they together make a compromise.
1823... Monroe Doctrine
Ã What events precipitated the issuance of the doctrine?
Ã Many critics have claimed that the Monroe doctrine is an imperialistic doctrine.
Was imperialism the driving force behind the doctrine?
Ã What have been the effects of the Monroe Doctrine?
1824... Tariff Act of 1824
Ã What was the purpose of increasing tariffs?
1825... Erie Canal Opened
Ã What was the importance of the Erie Canal?
EXERCISE: The program includes an in-depth account of the building of the canal by Secretary of State Seward, who at the time was a lawyer in New York. Assign the document to select students. Have them develop a time line for the building of the canal.
1826... Panama Congress
1828... Tariff of Abominations
Ã Why did most Northerners support high tariffs, while Southerners opposed it?
Ã How did high tariffs help manufacturers?
... Age of Jackson
Ã What does it mean that Jackson was the first "popularly elected" President?
Ã What made Jackson a strong President?
Ã What is the "spoils system"?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have students read the first hand account of Jacksons
election from the document section. Explain why there was so much enthusiasm
surrounding Jacksons election.1829... Walkers Appeal Ã What pattern did Walkers Appeal begin? Ã How did the appeal further the chasm between North and South? ... B& O Railroad Begun Ã What was the significance of the building of this railroad?
EXERCISE: Have students develop an ad campaign (print and or video) for the railroad
and its expansion across the US.
EXERCISE: Hold a Town meeting. Divide the class between proponents for and opponents against the creation of the railroad. 1830... Indian Removal Act Ã What were the terms of the Indian Removal Act? Ã President Jackson defied the Supreme Court over the Indian Removal Act. How and why? Ã The Indian Removal act guaranteed the Indians the new land in the west in perpetuity. What happened to that guarantee? EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: John Marshalls decision in Cherokee Nation
vs. Georgia is part of the document section. Review this document.
Why did Marshall rule in favor of the Indians?1831...Garrison Publishers "The Liberator" Ã Who were the "abolitionists"? Ã What impact did the publishing of the Liberator have?1832...Black Hawk War Ã The Black Hawk War was a war led by chief Black Hawk, and the
Encroaching settlers. A year before his death Black Hawk stated: "Rock River was a beautiful country. I liked my town, my cornfields, and the home of my people. I fought for them." Comment.1833...Carolina Tariff Nullification Ã The attempt by Carolina to nullify the tariff underlined a fundamental
difference in understanding of the Union between the North and South.
ÃWhat were these differences?
Ã What did these differences portend for the future?
Ã How did Jackson end the crisis?
EXERCISE: Read the Document entitled: "Act for Enforcing the Tariff".
Have students read the act and explain, how the tariff would be enforced.
The following selection appears as part of the Jacksons second Inaugural Address. Explain how this passage summarizes Jacksons view of the crisis and of the Union:
"Deeply impressed with the truth of these observations, and under the obligation of that solemn oath which I am about to take, I shall continue to exert all my faculties to maintain the just powers of the Constitution and to transmit unimpaired to posterity the blessings of our Federal Union. At the same time, it will be my aim to inculcate by my official acts the necessity of exercising by the General Government those powers only that are clearly delegated; to encourage simplicity and economy in the expenditures of the Government; to raise no more money from the people than may be requisite for these objects, and in a manner that will best promote the interests of all classes of the community and of all portions of the Union. Constantly bearing in mind that in entering into society "individuals must give up a share of liberty to preserve the rest," it will be my desire so to discharge my duties as to foster with our brethren in all parts of the country a spirit of liberal concession and compromise, and, by reconciling our fellow-citizens to those partial sacrifices which they must unavoidably make for the preservation of a greater good, to recommend our invaluable Government and Union to the confidence and affections of the American people."
1834... McCormick Grain Reaper
1835... War with Seminoles
... Jackson Vs Bank of the United States
Ã Why did Jackson oppose the Bank of United States?
Ã Have students read Jacksons message on the Bank and summarize his views.
Ã What was the purpose of Jacksons message?
... Assassination attempt against Jackson
1836... Texas Independence
Ã Why did the Texans go to war to achieve independence at this time?
Ã Why did the Alamo fall?
Ã What were the results of the war?
1837...Panic of 1837
Ã Why did Jackson limit the buying of land to those with gold or silver?
Ã Why did the end of speculative buying of land lead to an economic crisis?
... Caroline Affair
Ã What were the Canadian rebels fighting against?
1838... Aroostock War
Ã The Aroostock war was the last time that British and Americans fought against
each other. Why did it not expand into a larger war?
... Oberlin Admits Women
1841... Harrison Dies in Office
1842... Webster Ashburton Treaty
1843... Sojourner Truth
Ã Why did the speaking tour of Sojourner Truth have such an effect?
1844...Treaty of Wanghia
Ã The importance of the Treaty of Wanghia is not so much the terms of the treaty,
but the very fact that it took place. Comment- (The very fact that the United States
engaged in such negotiation represented an expansion of American interests).
... Inter - City Telegraph
Ã The telegraph began the communication revolution that continues to this day,
what fundamental change did the telegraph bring about?
1845... Texas Annexed
Ã Why did many of the Northern States oppose the annexation of Texas?
Ã Why did Texas want to annexed?
Ã The Oregon Treaty settled the last territorial dispute between Great Britain and the
United States. What effect did if have on the west?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: The Oregon Trail the first overland route to Oregon.
Assign readings from Jesse Applegates memoirs on the travails of the first group to
make it to Oregon (available in MultiEducators "Antebellum America" CD Rom).
... Mexican War
Ã In retrospect it seems obvious that the United States was going to win the war
with Mexico. At the time it was not so obvious. Why did the US win the war so easily?
Use MultiEducators "Antebellum America" to learn about individual battles of this war.
Have students create a timeline of the war.
... Independent Treaty
... Mormons Settle Great Salt Lake
Ã Religious liberty has always been an American hallmark. Why were the Mormons
so severely persecuted?
Ã What does it say about the state of tolerance in America?
ÃWhat other religious groups were attacked during this period?
... Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo
Ã What were the terms of the peace treaty with Mexico?
Ã What were the long term effects of the Mexican American War?
1849... Gold Discovered in California
Ã What were the effects of gold being discovered in California?
Ã Did the discovery of gold in California effect the relations between North and South?
F. Source Documents of the Expansion Period:
1820- Compromise Of 1820- "Taylor Amendment"
1820- Compromise Of 1820- "Report Of The Conference Committee"
1820- Compromise Of 1820- "Tallmadge Amendment"
1820- Compromise Of 1820- "Missouri Enabling Act"
1820- Compromise Of 1820- "Thomas Amendment"
1820- Missouri Compromise Of 1820- "A Historical Account"
1821- Resolution For Admittance Of Missouri
1823- Monroe Doctrine
1823- Monroe Message
1824- Gibson vs. Ogden
1825- Building Of The Erie Canal
1826- Death Of Adams AND Jefferson ON Same Day
1828- American Insurance vs. Carter
1828- Jackson's First Election As President
1830- Jackson's Second Message On The Bank
1830- Garrison & The "Liberator"
1821- Monroe's 2nd Inaugural
1825- John Quincy Adams' Inaugural Address
1829- Jackson's Inaugural
1832- Black Hawk War
1832- Jackson's Bank Veto
1832- Jackson's Message To The People Of S. Carolina
1832- Jackson's Ordinance Of Nullification
1832- Overthrow Of The Bank
1833- Jackson's Paper Read To The Cabinet
1833- Constitution Of American Anti-Slavery League
1833- Contract Between The Girard Bank & The US
1833- Taney's Instruction To The Collector At Philadelphia
1833- Taney To Girard Bank
1836- Fall Of The Alamo
1836- Houston's Seizure Of Texas
1836- Jackson Message To Bank
1836- Act To Regulate Deposits
1837- Murder Of Lovejoy
1840- Campaign Of 1840
1845- Annexation Of Texas
1846- Act For Prosecution Of The Mexican War
1847- Independant Treasury Act
1848- Treaty Of Guadeloupe-Hidalgo
1833- Jackson's 2nd Inaugural
1837- Van Buren's Inaugural
1841- J.H.Harrison's Inaugural
1845- Polk's Inaugural Address
1849- Taylor's Inaugural Address
VI. NATION DIVIDED
The Nation Divided Section chronicles Americas headlong rush towards Civil War. This section follows the individual that seems, in retrospect, to have made the war almost inevitable. The program also details the events of the war itself, describing the major battles. The section ends with the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.
A. Objective: To learn about the immediate causes of the Civil War. To provide an overview of the bloodiest war in US history.
B. Important Terms:
C. History Makers of the Nation Divided
D. Major Issues and General Questions for Further Examination
1. What were the major events on the road to civil war?
2. Why was the Dred Scott decision so important?
3. Why was Kansas called "bloody Kansas"?
4. Why did some of the Southern states secede from the Union when Lincoln
5. Could President Buchanan have done more to avoid war?
6. How important was the issue of slave rights in the decision to go to war?
7. Why do the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg resonate to this day?
8. How could the South, with its much smaller industrial and population base, ever
have believed that it could ever defeat the larger North?
E. Major Events: Questions for Discussion & Selected Exercises
1850... Compromise Of 1850
Ã The Compromise of 1850 tried to give different constituencies what they
wanted so they would all agree. Who got what?
... Fugitive Slave Act
Ã What was the Fugitive Slave Act?
Ã Why did Southern states want the Fugitive Slave Act passed?
... California Gains Statehood
Ã What was the effect of California gaining statehood?
Ã In a mere 30 years the United States was transformed from a country whose
states were nearly all along the eastern seaboard, to a continental nation whose
states were on both coasts. What was the impact of this change?
1851... Fugitive Slave Law
Ã In 1851, the Fugitive Slave Law began being implemented.
How did its implementation radicalize views on slavery?
1852... Uncle Tom's Cabin
Ã Uncle Toms Cabin was one of the best sellers in American history.
Why was it so popular?
EXERCISE: Assign the reading of Uncle Toms Cabin.
Ã What was the story?
Ã Is the writing compelling?
1853... Perry's Mission To Japan
Ã What was the long term effect of Perrys Mission to Japan?
... Gadsden Purchase
1854... Fugitive Slave Returned
Ã What was the effect of having a fugitive slave marched in shackles through
the streets of Boston?
1954... Kansas Nebraska Act
Ã What was the underlying principle that Senator Douglas fought for in the
Kansas Nebraska Act?
Ã Did the act solve anything or did it make war more likely?
Ã Some people believe that the Civil War actually began in Kansas,
Do you agree? Why or why not?
... Violence In Washington
Ã The violence in Washington was symptom of an end to civility in American
politics. What did this violence portend for the future?
Ã Are there any similarities between this event and own times?
... Compromise In Kansas
Ã What compromise was reached over the future of Kansas?
1857... Panic Of 1857
Ã How did the Panic of 1857 hasten the advent of the Civil War?
... Dred-Scott Decision
Ã Justice Taney could have decided the Dred Scott decision on narrower grounds, instead he decided the issue broadly, why?
Ã What was the effect of the decision?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have students examine the text of
the decision itself.
Ã What were the major elements of the Dred Scott decision?1858... LincolnDouglas Debates Ã What was the significance of the LincolnDouglas Debates?1859... Telegraph Cable Across Atlantic Ã What was the significance of a trans-Atlantic cable? ... First Oil Well Started
... John Brown Leads Revolt
At John Browns trial an attempt was made to claim that he was insane. This is what Brown said as he was being led to the gallows: "Now if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of
the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children
and with blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by
the wicked, cruel and unjust enactment's, I say let it be done." Ã Was John Brown insane, or just a man before his time?1860... Pony Express Service Begun Ã The Pony Express has had a very special place in America culture, yet it was used only for a short time before it was superceded by the rails. Why has the
Pony Express been so romanticized?
... Democratic Party Splits
Ã Why was the Democratic party unable to decide on a candidate?
... Lincoln Receives Presidential Nomination
... Election Of 1860
EXERCISE: Look at the Election Map of 1860.
Have students make a list of which candidate won the election in each
of the states.
Ã What conclusions can be drawn from the election results?
... South Carolina Secedes
Ã Why did South Carolina and then other Southern states secede even before
Lincoln had been inaugurated or had taken any action?
Ã Lincoln made it clear that although he opposed slavery he would not attempt
to end slavery in states that already had slavery, so why the need for such rash
1861... Lincoln Inaugurated
NOTE: FOR ALL OF THE CIVIL WAR OBTAIN A COPY OF MultiEDUCATORs "CIVIL WAR: AMERICAS EPIC STRUGGLE". READ FIRST HAND ACCOUNTS AND LISTEN TO THE MULTIMEDIA PRESENTATIONS ON THE BATTLES.
This section contains five Multimedia presentations:
¹ The first selection presents an overview of the causes of the war. In it, the author
(for the only time in the program) expresses an opinion on an issue hotly
disputed to this day. It is the authors opinion that the civil war was not fought
only over the issue of slavery, it was the issue of slavery that caused the war.
¹ The second selection presents an overview of the civil war itself. It dramatically
presents the major battles and their impact on the course of the war.
¹ The third and fourth presentations depict the two most bloody battles in
American history, the battles of Antietam and Gettysburg.
¹ Finally, there is a dramatic reading of the Gettysburg Address.
... Ft. Sumter Bombed
Ã Why were the first bullets fired at Ft. Sumter?
... Reaction To Ft. Sumter
... Battle Of Bull Run
Ã Until Bull Run the expectation had been that the war would be a fast glorious
affair, what happened to change that view?
1862... Ft. Henry & Ft. Donelson
... Peninsular Campaign
... Battle Of Shiloh
... New Orleans Captured
... 7 Days Campaign
... Second Bull Run
Ã Antietam was the bloodiest day in American history, why?
... Homestead Act
1863... Emancipation Decree
... Vicksburg Captured
... Battle Of Gettysburg
Ã After their defeat at Gettysburg it was clear that the South had no chance to
achieve victory. Why? And as such, why did they continue to fight?
... Gettysburg Address
... Battle Of Chickamauga
... Battle Of Chattanooga
1864... 40 Days Campaign
... Battle Of Atlanta
... Siege Of Petersburg
1865... Lincoln's Second Inaugural
... War Comes To An End
... Lincoln Assassinated
EXERCISE: Have students write a newspaper account of the President Lincolns Assassination. Then read the Herald Tribune Account. Do the student accounts differ from the Tribune Account? How So?
EXERCISE: Write A Eulogy that highlights Lincolns contributions to America.
EXERCISE: Examine the Lincoln Memorial in DC. What does This Express.
Design A poster or monument to commemorate Lincolns contribution To America. Compare the models.
F. Source Documents From The Period of the Nation Divided:
1850- Calhoun's Views On Slavery
1850- Report Of The Committee Of Thirteen
1850- Clay's Resolution
1850- Fugitive Slave Act
1850- Texas & New Mexico Act
1850- Utah Act
1853- Treaty With Mexico
1854- Douglas' Report
1854- Kansas-Nebraska Act
1857- Lecompton Constitution
1860- South Carolina Ordinance Of Secession
1861- Lincoln's First Inaugural Address
1861- Blockade Of Southern Ports
1861- Call For 75,000 Volunteers
1861- Act For A National Loan
1861- Act For Calling Out The Militia
1861- Confederate Constitution
1861- Enrollment Act
1862- Act Abolishes Slavery In The District Of Columbia
1862- Confiscation Act
1862- Act For Additional Articles Of War
1857- Dred Scott vs. Sanford
1853- Pierce's Inaugural Address
1857- Buchanan's Inaugural Address
The Section on Reconstruction covers the period from the end of the civil war to the end of Reconstruction. This section tells the story of three countries: 1) The industrial North that continued it march toward industrialization (an effort that was only accelerated by the civil war);
2) The South, which was under military occupation (where the rights of African American were strictly enforced) and finally, 3) The West (best exemplified by the building of the Transcontinental Railroad).
A. Objective: To Understand the goals of Reconstruction and whether they were effective.
B. Important Terms:
2. Tenure Act
5. Soft money
6. Black Friday
7. Political boss
C. History Makers of the Period:
D. General Issues for Discussion on Reconstruction:
1. Why was Johnson impeached?
2. Why was he not convicted?
3. What was the importance of the Transcontinental Railroad?
4. What was the relationship between the finding of gold in the black hills and
5. Examine the various civil rights legislation during Reconstruction. (See documents).
How different is it from the civil rights legislation of the 1960s?
This section contains two multimedia presentations:
Ã One presentation provides an overview of the whole period.
Ã The second presentation is on the building of the Transcontinental Railroad.
E. Major Events, Relevant Questions and exercises:
1865... 13th Amendment Passed
Ã Why was it necessary to pass the 13th amendment?
Ã Why wasnt the Emancipation proclamation enough?
Ã What were the provisions of the 13th Amendment?
1867... Reconstruction Act
Ã Why was it necessary to pass the Reconstruction Act?
Ã What actions did Southern States take?
Ã What were the main provisions of the Reconstruction Act?
... Alaska Purchase
Ã The Alaska Purchase was known as "Sewards folly"; why?
Ã Who had the last laugh?
1868...Impeachment Of President Johnson
Ã The immediate cause of President Johnsons impeachment was the Tenure of
Office Act. What was the Tenure of Office Act?
Ã Was the Tenure of Office Act constitutional?
Ã What impeachment is? Explain.
Ã Why did the radicals want to impeach Johnson?
EXERCISE: Have the students read the Articles of Impeachment and summarize them.
Hold a mock Impeachment trial.
1869... 15th Amendment
Ã Why was it necessary to pass the 15th Amendment?
Ã What were the provisions of the 15th Amendment?
... Transcontinental Rail
EXERCISE: Watch the multimedia presentation on its building.
What effect did the railroads building have?
... Service Established
... Black Friday
Ã What caused Black Friday?
Ã Was Black Friday different from any other speculative bubbles that burst?
... Women Granted Vote In Wyoming
1871... Treaty Of Washington
Ã What were the terms of the Treaty of Washington?
... Chicago Fire
... Tweed Corruption In NY
Ã What was the source of power for city bosses?
1873...Economic Panic Of 1873
Ã What was the cause of the economic panic of 1873?
Ã Was it any different than any of the previous economic panics?
1875...Resumption Of Specie Act
Ã What was the differences between hard money and soft money?
Ã What was the long term significance of the invention of the telephone?
...Gold Discovered In The Black Hills
Ã On whose land was gold discovered?
Ã Why was Custer at the little Big Horn?
Ã Whose land was the Little Big Horn?
Ã What effect did gold have in Custers defeat at the Little Big Horn?
1877...End Of Reconstruction
Ã Why was Reconstruction ended?
Ã What was the effect of the end of Reconstruction?
F. Source Documents in this section:
1865- Freedman Bureau
1865- Johnson's Proclamation Of Amnesty
1866- Civil Rights Act Of 1866
1866- Restoration Of Tennessee
1867- Alaska Purchase
1867- Command Of The Army
1867- First Reconstruction Act
1867- Franchise In The District Of Columbia
1867- Second Reconstruction Act
1867- Elective Franchise In the Territories
1867- Third Reconstruction Act
1867- Tenure Of Office Act
1867- Act Admitting Arkansas
1868- Articles Of Impeachment
1868- Fourth Reconstruction
1868- Act Admitting South Carolina
1868- Oath Of Office
1868- 14th Amendment
1869- Reconstruction Of Georgia
1869- Provisional Governments Of Virginia, Texas, And Mississippi
1869- Veazie Bank vs. Fenno
1869- Act To Strengthen Public Credit
1869- Act To Admit Virginia
1870- Restoration Of Georgia
1871- Act To Enforce The 14th Amendment
1871- Act To Enforce The 15th Amendment
1872- Act Removing Political Disabilities
1873- Coinage Act
1873- Second Civil Rights Act
1875- Resumption Of Species
1865- Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address
1869- Grant's Inaugural Address
1873- Grant's Second Inaugural Address
VIII. INDUSTRIAL AGE
This section of the program deals with the transformation of the United States from a largely
rural nation to one in which nearly half of the nation lived in cities. It was a period when the
United States became one of the leading industrial nations on earth. The transformation also
came at a significant social cost. It became the period of the first large scale strikes in American history. From the railroads to the steel mills, striking workers began to become part of the
B. Important Terms:
1. Brand Allison Act
2. Pork Legislation
3. Civil Service
4. Spoils System
6. Interstate Commerce
C. History Makers
Alexander Graham Bell
D. General Issues for Discussion on Industrialization:
1. What are the major technological changes that took place during this period?
2. How did those technological changes effect social issues in the United States?
3. Why did the issues of tariffs become such a central issue to American politics?
There is a multimedia overview of the this period.
This section also includes a complete presentation on the Chicago Fair of 1892.
This presentation includes over one hundred photographs.
* Finally, this section includes the first video presentation in the program.
The clip, one of Edisons earliest films (about Ellis Island) is presented.
D. Major Events, Question For Further Discussion and Selected Exercises:
1877... First National Rail Strike
Ã What caused the first National Rail Strike?
Ã How did the government react?
... Edison Invents Phonograph
1878... Brand-Allison Act
Ã Who favored the Brand-Allison Act?
Ã What were its provisions?
1879... Electric Light Invented
1880... Chinese Treaty Of 1880
Ã Who favored the Chinese Treaty of 1880?
Ã What did it accomplish?
1881... President Garfield Assassinated
Ã Sometimes good things come out of terrible events.
What good came from Garfields assassination?
1882... River And Harbor Act
Ã Who did the River and Harbors Act benefit?
1883... Pendelton Act
Ã The Pendelton Act Created a Civil Service.
What was the impetus for creating civil servants?
Ã What was wrong with the current system?
... Modern Navy Created
Ã Why was 1883 considered the birth of the modern Navy?
... Brooklyn Bridge Completed
... Mongrel Tariff Enacted
Ã The Mongrel Tariff began an ongoing period where the level of tariffs was
highly disputed. Why was this important?
1886... Presidential Succession Act
... Haymarket Bomb Blast
Ã What was the effect of the Haymarket Bombing?
1887... Pension Act
... Commerce Act
Ã The Commerce Act was the first act to regulate the railroads.
What actions the Commerce Act trying to control?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have students examine the text of the Commerce Act.
What provisions are called for in the Commerce Act?
... Hatch Act
1889... Oklahoma Land Rush
Ã Why was there such a rush to settle the Oklahoma Territory?
Ã Under whose jurisdiction had the Oklahoma Territory been?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the first-hand account on the land rush to get a feeling of what this period was like.
... Johnston Flood
1890... Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Ã Why was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act created?
Ã What were the provisions of this anti-trust act?
... Womans' Suffrage Groups Merge
Ã What was the goal of these suffrage groups?
... McKinley Tariff
... Wounded Knee Ã The Massacre at Wounded Knee was the final battle in the American Indian Wars. Was this end was fitting? Comment.
1891... Yellowstone 1st National Park Ã Yellowstone Nation Park was the first American Nation Park to open. Who was responsible for bringing this about?1892... Ellis Island Opens Ã What was the purpose of Ellis Island? ... Steel Strike Crushed Ã What was the cause of the steel strike? Ã Why was the state militia called in? ... Great Chicago Fair The Chicago Fair of 1892 was the grandest of fairs. Visit this fair-of-fairs by exploring the programs movie on the exhibition. This presentation includes over one hundred full screen photographs from the fair.
EXERCISE: Create a fair of your own. Highlight the birth of the industrial age,
the information age, or the transition from there to here.
1893... Revolt In Hawaii Ã What was the cause of the Hawaiian Revolt? Ã Why did the US annex Hawaii? ... Panic Of 1893 Ã Were the causes of the Panic of 1893 any different from the causes of the previous economic crises? ... Repeal Of Silver Act1894... Coxey's Army Marches On Washington
ÃWhat were Coxey's demand?
ÃIn retrospect, were Coxeys demands particularly radical?
... Pullman Rail Strike
Ã What were the causes of the Pullman rail strike?
Ã Was there any difference between the rail strike and other strikes of the era, (such
as the steel strike)?
1896... Venezuelan Boundary Dispute
Ã Why did Great Britain agree to arbitration in the Venezuelan border dispute?
... Separate, But Equal
Ã What was the decision taken in Plessey vs Ferguson?
Ã How did the Supreme Court justify the decision?
Ã What was the effect of the decision?
1897... Dingley Tariff
E. Source Documents From the Industrialization Period:
1877- Electoral Count Act
1878- Brand-Allison Act
1878- Silver Act
1880- Treaty Regulating Chinese Immigration
1882- Chinese Exclusion Act
1883- Civil Service Act
1884- Julliard vs. Greenman
1887- Interstate Commerce Act
1890- Anti-Trust Act
1890- Repeal Of Silver Purchase Act
1896- Plessy vs. Ferguson
1877- Hayes' Inaugural Address
1881- Garfield's Inaugural Address
1885- Cleveland's Inaugural Address
1889- Benjamin Harrison's Inaugural Address
1893- Cleveland's Second Inaugural Address
IX. WORLD STAGE
This section of the program covers the emergence of the United States on the world stage. It was also the first period of strong Presidential leadership in American history since Abraham Lincoln. Theodore Roosevelt was the first "modern" President. This period also marked the beginning of the Progressive era an era marked by the first government regulation of business for the benefit of the employees.
A. Objective: To Learn how the transformation of the United States into a World Power effected both the US and the world.
B. Important Terms:
1. Rough Riders
2. Remember the Maine
3. Dollar Diplomacy
4. Great White Fleet
C. History Makers of the Period
D. General Issues for Discussion regarding Americas Entrance on to the World Stage:
¹ What made President Theodore Roosevelt the first "modern" President?
¹ What convinced the government to pass the first child labor laws?
¹ Why did the United States intervene on the side of the Allies in World War I?
There are two multimedia presentations in this section.
The first, presents an overview of the entire period.
The second presents the San Francisco earthquake.
There are also video clip of the San Francisco Earthquake and World War I
E. Major Events, Questions for Discussion and Exercises
1898... War with Spain
Ã What were the causes of the War with Spain?
Ã How important was the sinking of the Maine?
Ã Why was the war so one sided?
1899... Philippine Rebellion
Ã Why did the Philippine rebel?
Ã Explaining why the United States had to maintain control of the
Philippines President McKinley stated:
"We could not leave them to themselves- they were unfit for self-government
and they would soon have anarchy and misrule over there, worse than Spain's
was... (and that) there was nothing left for us to do but take them all, and
educate the Filipinos and uplift and Christianize them."
1900... Boxer Rebellion
Ã The Boxer Rebellion was the first time that the United States took part in a
multinational force. Comment on the relevance Americas actions.
1901... McKinley Assassinated
1903... Henry Ford Produces Model A
... Wright Brothers Fly
Ã 1903 was an important year for technology. The Wright Brothers flew for the
first time, and Henry Ford started producing cars at a price that was affordable
to the masses. How did these two events effect the 20th century?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the first-hand account of the Wright Brothers
1903 Panama Canal
Ã Why was the United States interested in building the Panama Canal?
1904... Roosevelt Corollary
Ã What was the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine?
Ã How did the Roosevelt Corollary add to the original Monroe Doctrine?
1905... Russo Japanese War
Ã Why did Roosevelts mediation of the Russo-Japanese War indicate a changing
role for the United States in world affairs?
1906... San Francisco Earthquake
1906 Food and Drugs Receive Federal Control
Ã Whose actions caused the Federal government to begin to regulate food and drugs?
Ã What did these new regulations set out to accomplish?
Ã What was the book "Jungle" about?
Ã What was the essence of the Gentlemans Agreement?
...Great White Fleet Sails
Ã What was the effect of the trip of the Great White Fleet?
Ã Why was it called the "Great White Fleet"?
1908... Conservation Commission
1909... Robert Perry Arrives at the North Pole
... Dollar Diplomacy
Ã What was "Dollar Diplomacy"?
Ã How does "Dollar Diplomacy" compare to Americas policy in China today?
1910... N.A.A.C.P. Founded
Ã What was the purpose of the N.A.A.C.P.?
1911... Triangle Fire
Ã The Triangle fire publicized the terrible working conditions in the
garment industry. What was the result of the publicity?
... Standard Oil Broken Up
Ã Why was Standard Oil broken up? Under what law was it done?
1912... Marines Intervene in Nicaragua
Ã Why did the United States intervene in Nicaragua?
... Lodge Corollary
Ã What was the Lodge Corollary?
Ã What would Lodge have said about the purchase of Chrysler by Daimler Benz?
1913... Suffragettes March on Washington
... Senators Elected Directly
Ã Why was it necessary to pass a constitutional amendment to require direct
elections of Senators?
Ã What was wrong with having state legislatures elect Senators?
... Underwood Tariff
Ã What were the two major purposes of tariffs?
Ã What began to replace tariffs as a source of revenue?
... Federal Reserve Act
Ã What was the purpose of the Federal Reserve Act?
Ã Was the new Federal Reserve all that different from the Bank of the United States
established over 100 years earlier by Hamilton?
1914... US Intervenes in Mexico
Ã Why did the US intervene in Mexico?
... Panama Canal Opened
Ã What was the effect of the opening of the Panama Canal?
Watch the presentation that explains the building of the canal.
... Clayton Anti-Trust Legislation
Ã What did the Clayton Anti-Trust Legislation add to existing law?
EXERCISE: Have students read the law and summarized its major points.
... World War I Breaks Out
Ã What was Americas position with the outbreak of the war?
1915... Lusitania Sunk
Ã What was the effect of the sinking of the Lusitania?
1916... Pershing Leads Expedition in Mexico
Ã Why did the United States intervene in Mexico in 1916?
... Child Labor Law Passed
... US Troops Intervene in Dominican Republic
1917... US Enters World War I
Ã Why did the United States enter the war when it did?
1918... US Intervenes in Russia
Ã Why did the allies intervene in the Russian Civil War?
Ã Were the stated goals of the United States any different than its actual goals?
... Armistice Signed in Europe
1919... Versailles Agreement
Ã What were the terms of the Versailles Agreement?
X. THE TWENTIES
The Twenties was a short, but unique, period in American history. It was a period dominated in many ways by the prohibition. It was the first period in American History in which the doors closed to immigrants the world over. Finally, the Twenties was a period of Republican Presidents who in stark contrast to the activist Presidents that preceded them believed in the minimum government intervention in the affairs of the nations.A. Objective: To learn was unique about this period in American History .
B. Important Terms: 1. Volstead Act 2. League of Nations 3. Quota 4. Suffrage C. History Makers:
1. Charles Lindbergh 2. Warren Harding 3. Calvin CoolidgeD. General Issues for Discussion on America in the 1920s: ¹Why did the Congress vote to limit immigration?
¹ How did womens suffrage influence American politics?
¹ In what way did Harding and Coolidge differ from their predecessors?
This section of the program includes an overview of the period of the Twenties.
E. Major Events, Questions For Discussion and Exercises:
1920... Prohibition Begun
Ã The attempt to outlaw liquor purchase had been going on since the Revolutionary War.
Why was Prohibition passed now?
Ã What did the supporters of Prohibition hope to accomplish?
EXERCISE: Hold a Town meeting to debate the pros and cons of prohibition.
Allow proponents of each side to develop campaigns to further their cause.
... Participation In League Rejected
Ã What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
Ã What was the main reason for opposition to the League?
Ã Was the fear of opponents justified?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read Senator Borah speech on the League.
Have students summarize his views.
... Woman's Suffrage
Ã Why did women finally gain the right to vote in 1920?
1921... Immigration Quota
Ã This act marked the first time that an actual immigration quota was imposed.
However, it was not the first time restrictions were placed on immigration.
Name some earlier attempts at immigration restriction.
Ã Who were the supporters of immigration restriction and what were there arguments?
Ã Who supported open door immigration and what were their arguments?
... Bureau Of Budget
1922... Washington Naval Convention
Ã What was the purpose of Washington Naval Conference?
Ã Was the Washington Naval Conference successful?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have students review the treaty itself.
What were the major provisions?
... Fordney-McCumber Tariff
Ã What was the main purpose of raising the tariff under Fordney McCumber bill?
1923... Klu Klux Klan Exposed
Ã Who were the main targets of the Klu Klux Klan?
Ã What was the cause of the drop of membership in the Klan?
... Harding Dies In Office
1924... Immigration Receives Further Cut
Ã What was the effect of the Johnson-Reed Act?
Ã Why was the Johnson-Reed Act passed?
... Teapot Dome Scandal
Ã Was the Teapot Dome Scandal an isolated incident?
1927... Television Invented
... Lindbergh Crosses the Atlantic
Ã What made Charles Lindbergh such an American hero?
1928... Kellogg-Brian Pact
Ã What was the purpose of the Kellogg Brian Pact?
Ã Is it possible to outlaw war?
Ã What did participants hope to accomplish?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have the students read the pact itself.
What were the major provisions?
F. Documents From the period of the Twenties:
1920- Missouri vs. Holland
1920- Volstead Act
1920- Transportation Act
1921- Budget Act
1921- Duplex Printing vs. Deering
1921- Peace Treaty With Germany
1921- Harding's Inaugural Address
1922- War Debt Commission
1922- Naval Limitations Treaty
1923- Wolff Packing Co. vs. Kansas Court Of Industrial Relations
1924- Immigration Act Of 1924
1924- Indian Citizenship
1925- Coolidge's Inaugural Address
1926- Senate Resolution To Adhere To World Court
1926- Myers vs. United States
1928- Kellogg Peace Pact
1928- Hoover's Acceptance Speech
The Depression /War section of the program covers one of the most tumultuous periods in American and World History. During this period America and the world descended into the deepest economic depression in modern history. In a short period of time over 30% of Americans found themselves unemployed. It was a period of profound despair among many people. Americans elected Franklin Roosevelt as President in response to this despair. The Roosevelt Presidency began with the stirring words "The only Thing We Have to Fear, is Fear Itself". FDR was true to his words. Eventhough he could not cure all the underlying economic causes of the depression, his massive government program managed to alleviate much of the greatest suffering. Franklin Roosevelts Presidency spanned most of the Depression and lasted an unprecedented 12 years 2 months. Roosevelt successfully shepherded the United States through World War II, and for better or worse, helped shape the post-war world.
A. Objective: To learn about the Depression, the growth of government under FDR and WWII.
B. Important Terms
1. Neutrality Act
4. Lend Lease
6. 100 days
7. Bonus Army
8. Reconstruction Finance Corporation
10. Social Security
C. History Makers:
1. Winston Churchill
2. Dwight Eisenhower
3. Adolph Hitler
4. Harry Hopkins
5. George Marshall
6. Douglas McCarthur
7. Benito Mussolini
8. Chester Nimitz
9. Senator Nye
10. Eleanor Roosevelt
11. Franklin Roosevelt
D. General Issues For Further Discussion on the Depression and World War II:
¹ What actions did Roosevelt take in his first 100 days in office?
¹ Did the actions of the New Deal solve the problem of the Depression?
¹ Why were the Neutrality Acts Passed?
¹ How did the United States help the allies before entering into World War II?
This section includes a multimedia summary on the depression and WWII periods.
E. Major Events, Questions for Discussion, and Selected Exercises:
1929... Stock Market Crash
Ã What were the causes of the stock market crash?
Ã How did the stock market crash facilitate the start of the Great Depression?
1930... Hawley-Smoot Tariff
Ã Why did supporters of the Hawley Smoot Tariff believe it would help fight
Ã Why did the tariff not work?
... Japan Invades Manchuria
Ã Why was the Japanese invasion of Manchuria the first step on the road to war?
1932... Reconstruction Finance Corp.
Ã What was the purpose of the Reconstruction Finance Corp?
Ã How did Hoovers actions to fight the depression differ from those of Roosevelt?
Ã How does the RFC embody the concept of trickle down economics?
... Bonus Army
Ã What did the Bonus Army want?
Ã How did Hoover react to the Bonus Armys March?
... Hitler Comes To Power
1933... New Deal Begun
Ã What action did Roosevelt take to stem the depression?
Ã What were the 100 days?
Ã Were the actions that Roosevelt took effective?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read Roosevelts New Deal speech and summarize it.
Ã Why was the prohibition repealed?
...Tennessee Valley Authority Created
Ã What was the purpose of the TVA?
Ã Why was it needed?
Ã Did it succeed?
1935... N.I.R.A. Act Illegal
Ã Why was the National Industrial Relations Act ruled illegal?
Ã What was the effect of this decision?
... W.P.A. Created
Ã What was the WPA?
Ã What was the WPA supposed to do?
... Social Security Act
Ã For whom was the Social Security Act targeted?
Ã Why was the Social Security Act considered radical at the time?
... Neutrality Act Of 1935
Ã Why was there so much support for the Neutrality Act?
Ã What was happening in the world as a backdrop for the first Neutrality Act?
... DC-3 Enters Commercial Service
1936... Neutrality Act Of 1936
1937... Neutrality Act Of 1937
Ã How did the Neutrality Acts of 1936 and 1937 extend US neutrality?
Ã What were their major provisions?
... President Calls For "Quarantine Of Aggressors" Ã Was Roosevelt in pace with the rest of the United States when he gave his
speech calling for a "quarantine of aggressors"?
... USS Panay Attacked
Ã What is the background of the attack by the Japanese on the Panay?
1938... Minimum Wage Set
Ã What is the purpose of a minimum wage?
1939... Hatch Act Passed
Ã What was the purpose of the Hatch Act?
Ã What did the Hatch Act accomplish?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the Hatch Act itself.
How does the Hatch Act effect todays efforts by the President and the Vice President
to solicit contributions?
... Poland Invaded
... Neutrality Act Of 1939
Ã Why was the Neutrality Act repealed?
1940... Paris Falls
Ã What was the effect in the United States of Paris falling?
1941... Four Freedoms
Ã What were the Four Freedoms that President Roosevelt enunciated?
... Lend-Lease Approved
Ã What was the idea of the Lend-Lease?
Ã How important was the Lend-Lease?
... Japan Seizes Indo-China
Ã What was the American response to the Japanese seizure of Indo-China?
... Mandate To End Federal Discrimination
Ã This was the first federal act since Reconstruction to fight discrimination.
What took so long?
... Atlantic Charter
Ã What were the major features of the Atlantic Charter?
... Draft Extended By One Vote
Ã How was it possible that with the world engulfed in war, the draft was only extended by one vote?
... US Destroyer Attacked
... Pearl Harbor Attacked
... US Declares War On Japan And Germany
1942... Japanese Americans Interned
Ã Why were Japanese Americans interned?
... Doolittle's Bombers Attack Tokyo
... Battle Of Coral Sea ... Philippines Fall ... Battle Of Midway Ã Why is the Battle of Midway considered a turning point in the war? ... Invasion Of Guadacanal1943... Casablanca Conference Ã What was the major decision of the Casablanca Conference? ...Allies Land In Italy ...Teheran Conference Ã The Teheran Conference was the first conference where the three major allies
leader met. What was decided?
1944...Rome Liberated ...Bretton-Woods Conference ...D-Day ...Dumbarton-Oaks Conference ...Battle Of The Bulge ...Roosevelt Runs For The Fourth Term1945... US Forces Land On Iwo Jima ... US Forces Land On Okinawa ... Yalta Conference Ã The decisions at the Yalta Conference were very controversial?
Ã What were the major issues controversies?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have students read Roosevelts speech when he returned from Yalta?
Listen to part of the speech from the video?
What strikes you about how Roosevelt looks?
... F.D.R. Dies
... Charter Of UN
Ã The United States failed to join the League of Nations. Why was the UN different?
... Germans Surrender
... Potsdam Conference
Ã Where any major agreements reached at the Potsdam Conference?
... Atomic Bomb Dropped
Ã The decision to drop the Atomic bomb was not controversial in 1945.
Why has the decision become so controversial today?
F. Event Entries Featuring Video Clips:
G. Source documents From the WW II period:
1933- F.D.R.- First Inaugural
1933- F.D.R.- The Banking Crisis
1933- Tennessee Valley Authority
1933- Emergency Railroad Act
1933- Agriculture Declaration Of Emergency
1933- National Recovery Act
1934- Ashwander vs. Tennessee Valley Authority
1934- Social Security
1934- Home Building
1934- Taylor Act
1935- Grosjean vs. American Press
1935- National Labor Relations Act
1935- Railroad Retirement Board vs. Alton
1936- United States vs. Curtis Wright
1937- Neutrality Act
1937- Herndon vs. Lowry
1937- Helvering vs. Davis
1937- NLRB vs. Jones & Laughlin Steel
1937- West Coast vs. Parrish
1939- Hatch Act
1940- Lend-Lease Act
1941- Four Freedoms
1941- Mitchell vs. United States
1941- War Message
1943- Hirabyshai vs. United States
1945- United Nations Participation
1937- F.D. Roosevelt's 2nd Inaugural Address
1941- Franklin D. Roosevelt's 3rd Inaugural Address
The Post-War period in US history is dominated by the Cold War. It was a period in which America dominated the world stage the only major belligerent in the war not devastated WWII. The United States had two presidents during this period Harry Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower. Truman became President upon the death of President Roosevelt and, much to the surprise of many, Truman won re-election. Truman was succeeded by General Eisenhower, the hero of World War II. Eisenhowers presidency was fundamentally different from that of his predecessors, both in style and substance. The Post-Wat period is also marked by the Korean War, one of the two hot wars fought by the United States during the cold war.
A. Objective: To learn about the Cold War and its effects on the United States.
B. Important Terms:
2. Baruch Plan
3. Nuremberg Trials
4. Truman Doctrine
5. Marshall Plan
6. Taft Hartley
7. Black List
8. H- Bomb
C. History Makers:
1. Bernard Baruch
2. George Marshall
3. Dean Acheson
4. The Rosenbergs
D. General Issues for Discussion on Post War America:
¹ What was the Marshall Plan
¹ Why was the Marshall Plan proposed?
¹ What was the Marshall Plans effect?
¹ What was the Truman Doctrine?
¹ Why did the United States intervene in the Korean War?
¹ What impact did Senator Joseph MCCarthy have on American society?
¹ What was the importance of the Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Board
There is a multimedia overview of this period in American history.
D. Major Events, Questions For Discussion and Selected Exercises:
1946... Iron Curtain Descends On Europe
Ã What events took place in Europe to convince Winston Churchill to give his
Iron Curtain speech?
... Baruch Plan For Atomic Control
Ã How did the Baruch Plan call for control of atomic weapons?
Ã Why did the Soviets reject the US proposal?
Ã How might have history been different if the Baruch Plan had been accepted?
... Nuremberg Trials
Ã What was unique about the Nuremberg Trials?
1947... Truman Doctrine
Ã What was the background for the issuance of the Truman Doctrine?
Ã What did the Doctrine attempt to accomplish?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have students review President Trumans address to
the Congress. What were the major points that were addressed?
... Marshall Plan
Ã What events taking place in Europe prompted Secretary of State Marshall to
propose his plan?
Ã What were the major elements of the Marshall Plan?
Ã Some people characterize the Marshall Plan as one of the most altruistic acts in history.
Other consider the Marshall Plan just an act of enlightened self-interest. Comment.
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT: Examine Marshalls speech. What was the condition of Europe
at the time described by the Marshall Plan?
... Taft-Hartley Act
Ã What did the Taft-Hartley Act accomplish?
... Yaeger Breaks Sound Barrier
... Hollywood Black List
Ã What was the Black List?
Ã What does it tell us about America of the time?
1948... US Recognizes Israel
... Berlin Airlift
Ã Why was there a need to organize an airlift?
Ã What was the effect of the airlift?
1949... Soviet Detonate A-Bomb
Ã What was the effect of the Soviets detonating an A- Bomb?
1950... Korean War Begins
Ã Why did the United States intervene in Korea?
Ã What historic event seems to have dominated American decision making in the early
days of the Korean crisis?
... Truman Announces National Emergency
1951... 22nd Amendment
... US Detonates H-Bomb
... First Electronic Computer
1952... High Court Rules
... Steel Seizure Illegal
Ã Why did Truman seize the steel mills?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the Supreme Court Decision.
Why was Trumans seizure unconstitutional?
... New Immigration Quota
... Goes Into Effect
Ã Why did Congress want to pass a new immigration quota?
1953... Rosenbergs Executed
... Korean War End
Ã How did the Korean War end?
... Nautilus Launched
Ã What was the importance of having atomic powered submarines?
1954... McCarthy Hearings
Ã What was McCarthyism?
Ã What stopped Senator McCarthy?
1954 Segregation Illegal?
Ã What were the conclusions of the case Brown vs. Bd. of Education? Ã What was the long term impact of the decision? EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Have Students read the actual decision. What were Justice Marshalls major arguments?
... S.E.A.T.O. Formed Ã What was SEATO?1955... Geneva Summit Ã What was the importance of the Geneva Conference?1956... US Condemns: Israel, France and Britain Ã Why did the US oppose Israeli, France and British action at Suez? ... Soviets Invade Hungary1957... Federal Troops Desegregate Little Rock
Ã Why did local authorities refuse to desegregate Little Rock High School?
Ã What law were they defying?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read Eisenhowers speech about the Little Rock.
What compelled Eisenhower to act?
1958... Marines Go To Lebanon
Ã What compelled the United States to intervene in Lebanon?
... Explorer I Launched
... 707 Service Begun
1959... St. Lawrence Seaway Opened
Ã What did building of the St. Lawrence seaway accomplish?
1960... U-2 Downed
Ã Why did the US fly U-2 spy planes over the Soviet Union?
Ã What was the effect of the downing of the plane
F. Event Entries Featuring Video Clips
1 . Truman Doctrine
2. Berlin Airlift
3. Soviets Detonate A- Bomb
4. Korean War Begins
5. US Detonates H- Bomb
6. Rosenbergs Executed
7. Korean War Ends
8. McCarthy Hearings
9. Marines Go To Lebanon
10. Explorer I Launched
11. St. Lawrence Seaway Opens
G. Source Documents From the Post-War Period:
1947- Marshall Statement To The Senate
1947- Taft-Hartley Act
1947- Truman Doctrine
1952- Youngstown Sheet & Tube vs. Sawyer
1954- Brown vs. Bd. Of Ed.
1954- United States vs. Lattimore
1957- Civil Right Act
1958- US Troops To Lebanon
1958- President Eisenhower On Little Rock
1958- N.A.A.C.P. vs. Alabama
1949- Truman's Inaugural Address
1953- Eisenhower's Inaugural Address
1957- Eisenhower's 2nd Inaugural Address
The Sixties began with unparalleled hope and expectations. It ended in despair. The Sixties was a period of unparalleled violence in American life. It was an era that saw the assassination of a President, his brother, then a Presidential candidate, a Nobel Prize winning Civil Rights leader and others. It was a period when violence on campuses seemed to become the norm. From 1964 on America became dominated by the Vietnam War, often the catalyst for much dissension. Yet, in other arenas the 60s was a period of great accomplishment. African Americans received full legal rights during this decade. It was a time when the modern womens liberation was born, with the printing of the "Feminine Mystique". The decade closes with the resignation of President Nixon in the aftermath of the Watergate scandal.
One of the most in-depth ways of learning about the Sixties is to use MultiEducators CD entitled: "The Sixties: America 1960-1970". This multimedia title includes presentations on all the major issues, videos, as well as special sections on the Space Race, the Vietnam War and Society and Culture.
B. Important Terms:
1. Tonkin Gulf Resolution
2. Cuban Missile Crisis
3. Berlin wall
4. Tet Offensive
C. History Makers:
1. Martin Luther King
2. Dean Rusk
3. Robert Mcnamara
4. Robert Kennedy
5. John F. Kennedy
7. Richard Nixon
8. Spiro Agnew
9. Gloria Stienam
10. John Glenn
11. Neil Armstrong
12. Thurgood Marshall
D. General Issues For Further Issues for Discussion:
1. What fundamental changes occurred in the United States during the decade of The Sixties?
2. What was the importance of the March on Washington?
3. How important was the Tonkin Gulf Agreement?
4. Why was the Tet offensive such a turning point in the war?
5. What long term impact did Watergate have on American politics?
There is a multimedia overview of the whole period.
E. Major Events, Questions For Discussion, and Selected Exercises:
1961... Kennedy Inaugurated
Ã What was special about the Kennedy Inaugural?
Listen to the video excerpts of JFKs Inaugural Address.
Read the full text of Kennedys speech.
What are the most memorable phrases in this famous address?
... Bay Of Pigs
Ã Why did the United States support of the Bay of Pigs Invasion?
... Summit In Vienna
Ã Why was Kennedy so disturbed by his meeting with Khruschev?
... Berlin Crisis
Ã The building of the Berlin Wall ended the Berlin Crisis.
What did the wall accomplish and why was it built?
1962... First American In Space
... Steel Prices Rolled Back
Ã How did President Kennedy convince the steel companies to roll back their
... US Troops Sent To Vietnam
Ã How did the United States become involved in the Vietnam War?
... Cuban Missile Crisis
Ã What were the causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis?
Ã How did the United States respond to the crisis?
Ã Why is President Kennedys handling of the crisis considered so successful?
1963... Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
Ã What was the impetus for the agreement on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read the text of the treaty.
What were the terms of the agreement?
... March On Washington
Ã Why was the March on Washington held?
Ã Why is Martin Luther Kings speech so memorable?
Ã How does this famous speech resonate today?
... President Kennedy Assassinated
Ã The Assassination of President Kennedy had a profound impact on America
like no other event. Why?
EXERCISE: Have students interview their parents and grand-parents or other relatives and record their personal accounts of that day and its effects on American society. Share these recollections in class. Discuss what the accounts have in common and how they differ.
1964... Civil Rights Act
Ã What did the Civil Rights act of 1964 accomplish?
... Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Ã The Tonkin Gulf Resolution was the only legal justification ever provided for the
US involvement in Vietnam. Explain.
... American Intervention In Dominican Republic
Ã Why did the United States intervene in the Dominican Republic?
1965... Voting Rights
Ã What were the provisions of the Voting Rights Act?
Ã The political map of the South looks completely different today thanks to the Voting
Rights Act. What was the effect of the Voting Rights Act?
... Riots In Watts
Ã What were the immediate cause of the Watts riot?
EXERCISE: DOCUMENT REVIEW: Read President Johnsons statement on Watts riot.
What was his view of the causes of the riots?
... Immigration Act Of 1965
Ã What was the major change in immigration under the Act of 1965?
1967... Glasboro Summit
1968... Tet Offensive
Ã The tet offensive was a military disaster for the Viet Cong, but a political success,
... Johnson Will Not Run
Ã Why did President Johnson decide not to run again?
... Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated
... Robert Kennedy Killed Violence Mars Democratic Conv.
Ã In a period of two months both Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy were assassinated. America would never be the same. Comment.1968 Violence Mars Democratic Convention Ã What was the underlying cause of violence at the Democratic Convention?
1969... Landing On The Moon
Ã In July 1969 the United States reached its goal of landing a man on the moon.
By the time the landing occurred, however, the future of the American space
program was very much in doubt. Why?
1970... Four Killed At Kent State
Ã Why did President Nixon order the invasion of Cambodia?
... Wage Price Controls Enacted
Ã Why were the economic actions taken by President Nixon considered very
1972... Nixon Visits China
Ã What was the major effect of Nixons visit to China?
... S.A.L.T. Agreement
Ã What were the major provisions of the SALT agreement?
Ã What was the implication of the fact that a summit meeting was taking place at the
same time that American planes were bombing Haiphong Harbor in Vietnam?
1973... US Role In Vietnam War Ended
... War Powers Act
Ã Why was the War Powers Act imposed?
Ã What were its major provisions?
... Middle East Crisis
Ã Why did the United States almost go to war with the Soviets during the October War
between Israel and Egypt and Syria?
... Vice President Agnew Resigns
Ã Why did Vice President Agnew resign?
... Gerald Ford Becomes Vice President
1974... Nixon Resigns
Ã What was the original crime in the Watergate case?
Ã Do you think that if Nixon had not attempted to cover up the original crime he would
have been forced to resign?
... Nixon Granted Clemency
Ã Was the decision to grant Nixon clemency right?
E. Event Entries Featuring Video Clip Selections:
F. Source Documents From the Period of the Sixties:
1961- Kennedy Inaugural Speech
1962- Cuban Missile Crisis
1962- Kennedy's Attack On The Steel Companies
1962- Baker vs. Carr
1963- Kennedy's Address On The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
1965- Johnson's Statement On The Watts Riots
1966- Escobedo vs. Illinois
1966- Miranda vs. Arizona
1968- Johnson's Address On North Korea
1968- Johnson's Address On Vietnam
1968- Johnson's Address In Memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
1969- Nixon's Inaugural Address
1971- New York Times vs. United States Pentagon Papers
1971- Lemon vs. Kurtzman
1971- Nixon's Second Inaugural Address
This period begins with the Presidency of Gerald Ford. It covers the Carter, Reagan and Bush Presidencies. This section ends with American involvement in Bosnia.
A. Objectives: To learn about the changing role of the United States after the Vietnam War. To examine (with as much objectivity as possible after such a short time) the events of the last two decades.
B. Important Terms:
1. Camp David
2. Three Mile Island
4. Tax Reform
5. Defense Buildup
C. History Makers:
1. Jimmy Carter
2. Ronald Reagan
3. George Bush
4. Colin Powell
D. Major Events, Questions For Discussion, and Selected Exercises:
Ã The Soyuz Apollo mission represented the end of the space race and the beginning
of cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union. Why did this happen?
1975... Helsinki Accords
Ã Why did the Soviets agree to the Helsinki accords?
Ã Who gains what from the accords?
... NY Saved From Bankruptcy
1976... Apple II Introduced
1977... US Gives Up Panama Canal
Ã Why did the United States agree to give up the Panama Canal?
1979... Camp David Peace Accords
... Trade Agreement
... Three Mile Island
Ã What was the long term impact of the Three Mile Island accident?
... Salt II Agreement
Ã What were the terms of the Salt II Agreement?
1980... Iran Seizes US Hostages
Ã Why was the Shah of Iran overthrown?
Ã Why were the US hostages seized?
Ã What effect did the Iranian hostage crisis have on the Carter Presidency?
... Soviets Invade Afghanistan
Ã What was unique about the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
1981... President Reagan Fires Air Traffic Controllers
ÃWhat was the effect of Reagan's actions on organized labor?
... Assassination Attempt On President Reagan
... First Woman To The Supreme Court
... $180 Billion Arms Buildup
ÃAt the time Reagan's arms buildup was very controversial.
What has been the verdict of history?
1983... Bomb Rips US Compound in Beirut
Ã Why were US troops in Beirut?
Ã Who bombed them? And why?
... US Troops Land In Grenada
Ã Why did the US intervene in Grenada?
1985... US Becomes A Debtor Nation
... Reagan Tax Reform
ÃWhat were the essential elements of Reagan's tax reform program?
Ã To this day there is disagreement on the effects of the tax program.
Democrats today blame it for the ensuing budget deficits? Republicans claim that
Reagans program initiated and created todays booming American economy.
Who is right?
1986... Shuttle Challenger Explodes
... US Responds To Libyan Terror
... Iran Contra Deal Unearthed
Ã What was the essence of the Iran- Contra Affair?
Ã Why were the major actions considered illegal?
1988... I.N.F. Treaty Signed
Ã What were the major terms of the INF treaty?
Ã What is its historic importance?
1989... US Seizes Panamanian Leader
Ã Did the US have the right to seize the Panamanian leader? Why or why not?
1990... Coalition Frees Kuwait
Ã Why was it important to go to war over Kuwait?
1993... PLO-Israel Agreement
1994... Republicans Take Control Of Congress
1996... US Troops to Bosnia
TIMELINES & ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
This section contain entries on the major events in African American History.
There is a multimedia overview for this section.
The following events are covered:
1619- First Blacks Arrive In Jamestown
1619 First Blacks Arrive in Jamestown
1638- First Slaves Arrive In Massachusetts
1664- Black White Marriage Outlawed
1688- Quakers Oppose Slavery
1712- First Slave Revolt
1770- Black Killed In Boston Massacre
1773- First Black Church Founded
1775- Society Of Abolition Of Slavery Established
1776- Blacks And The Revolutionary War
1777- Vermont Abolishes Slavery
1787- Northwest Ordinance
1793- First Fugitive Slave Law
1793- Cotton Gin
1800- Slave Uprising Near Richmond
1807- Slave Importation Banned
1820- Missouri Compromise
1821- Liberia Founded
1829- Walker's Appeal
1831- First Negro Convention
1831- "Liberator" Published
1831- Nat Turner Rebellion
1839- Slave Revolt Aboard Ship
1843- Call For Revolt
1847- Douglass Publishes"North Star"
1849- Harriet Taubman Escapes
1850- Compromise of 1850
1852- Uncle Tom's Cabin Published
1857- Dredd Scott Decision
1859- John Brown's Raid
1860- Lincoln Elected
1862- Blacks Enlist In Union Army
1863- Emancipation Decree
1863- Draft Riots In New York
1865- Thirteenth Amendment Ratified
1867- Howard University Founded
1867- Freedman Bureau Created
1870- First Black Senator
1875- Civil Rights Bill Passed
1877- Reconstruction Ended
1877- First Black Graduates From West Point
1881- Tuskegee Institute Founded
1883- Civil Rights Act Unconstitutional
1890- Blacks Excluded From Southern Politics
1896- Segregation Legal
1898- Blacks Serve In Spanish-American War
1904- Booker T. Washington Black Leader
1904- Niagra Movement Begun
1908- N.A.A.C.P. Founded
1917- Great Migration Begins
1917- Race Riots In Illinois
1917- Blacks And World War I
1920- Universal Negro Improvement Association Meets
1925- Brotherhood Of Rail Porters
1931- Scottsboro Trial
1936- Jesse Owens Wins Four Gold Medals
1936- N.A.A.C.P. Sues For Equal Pay
1940- First Black General
1941- FDR Forbids Discrimination
1942- First Black Air Cadets
1943- Race Riots In Harlem
1944- Adam Clayton Powell Elected to Congress
1944- All White Primary Illegal
1946- Truman Appoints Panel
1947- Jackie Robinson Becomes the First Black Major Leaguer
1948- Military Desegregated
1950- Ralphe Bunche Awarded Nobel Prize
1953- Washington's Restaurants Desegregated
1954- School Desegregation Ordered
1955- Bus Boycott Begins
1957- Voting Act Of 1957
1960- Widespread Protest Throughout The South
1961- Freedom Riders
1962- James Meridith Enters Univ. Of Mississippi
1963- March On Washington
1964- Rioting In US Cities
1964- Civil Rights Workers Slain
1964- King Receives Nobel Prize
1964- Selma To Montgomery March
1965-Malcolm X Assassinated
1965- Los Angeles Riots
1966- James Meridith Shot
1967- First Black Senator Since Reconstruction
1967- First Black Supreme Court Justice
1968- Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Assassinated
1974- Samuel Gravely Became The First Black Admiral Of The US Navy
1976- Tom Bradely Mayor Of LA
1977- Young Ambassador To U.N.
1984- Jesse Jackson Runs For President
1987- Powell Security Advisor To President
1989- Powell Chairmen Of Joint Chiefs Of Staff
B. NATIVE AMERICANS
The section of the program presents the major events in Native American history.
In addition, there is a multimedia overview of the history of Native Americans.
The following events are covered:
1520- Aztec Empire Falls
1607- English Land At Jamestown
1613- Pocahontas Captured
1616-1620 Small Pox Epidemic
1618- Warfare Between Indians and Jamestown Settlers
1636-37- Pequot War
1644-46 Second Virginia War
1649-1700 Iroquis Expansion Wars
1675-76 King Phillips War
1680-91 Pueblo Revolt
1711-1722 Tuscarora War
1754-63 French And Indian Wars
1763- British Declare Land West Of Appalachians Indians
1776-1783 War Of Independence
1787 Northwest Ordinance
1793-94 Battle In Northwest
1811- Battle Tippecanoe
1813-14 Creek War
1830- Indian Removal
1833- Second Seminole War
1838- Trails Of Tears
1846- US Receives Southwest From Mexico
1862- Sioux Uprising
1868- Treaty Of Larmie
1871- Indians To Reservation
1875- Little Big Horn
1881- "Century Of Dishonor" Published
1890- Wounded Knee
1902- Lone Wolfe vs. Hitchock
1924- Indians Granted Citizenship
1934- Roosevelt Administration Aids Indians
1953- Congress Passes Termination Act
1962- Termination Ends
1960's To Present
The Women section cover the major events in American Women history. There is a multimedia overview of American Women History as well.
The following events are covered:
1634- Ann Hutchison Protests
1777- Mary Ludwig Hays, A Hero
1847- Maria Mitchell Discovers A Comet
1849- Elizabeth Blackwell Earns Medical Degree
1850- First National Women' Convention Held
1865- 25% Of Teachers- Women
1868- First Woman's Suffrage Bill Introduced
1874- Minor vs. Happersett
1881- Clara Barton Founds Red Cross
1923- First Woman Representative
1928- Women' International League Supports Kellogg-Briand
1931- Hattie Caraway Elected To Senate
1933- Francis Perkins- Secretary Of Labor
1941-45 Woman Fulfill Key Roles In Economy
1941-45 Woman Fulfill Key Non-Combat Roles In Military
1948 Margaret Chase Smith Elected to Senate
1955 Rosa Parks Sparks Protests In South
1963- Equal Pay Amendment Passed
1963- Betty Friedan Writes "Feminine Mystique"
1965- Griswold vs. Connecticut
1966- National Organization Of Woman Launched
1972- Equal Rights Amendment Passed
1973- Roe vs. Wade
1976- Woman Admitted To Military Academy
1978- Pregnancy Discrimination Act Passed
1981- Sandra Day O' Connor To Supreme Court
1982- Equal Rights Amendment Fails Ratification
1983- Sally Ride to Space
1984- Geraldine Ferraro Nominated For Vice President
1993- Janet Reno Attorney General
D. THE PRESIDENTS
The President section includes photos and information on each of the Presidents of the United States. Each entry includes information on before the Presidency, the Presidency itself. It includes the member of the Presidents cabinet, any military action as well as trivia about the President. Each president also includes a speech by the President. There early once read by actors that later ones original recordings. There are links to the election section, the first lady section and finally there are links to the major events that took place during the Presidency.
E. FIRST LADIES
The first ladies section provides all the basic information about the various first Ladies of the United States. By selecting the more button, additional biographical data on the first ladies.
F. HOW THE US GREW
This section of the program provides basic information on each of the states of the Union. They are organized both alphabetically and as the states enter the union. This section is accessible either from a separate entry from the main screen or from the individual section screens. Each section contains the states that enter the Union and you can access the states from there. Each state has the vital information on the state, including the state capital, flag flower, as well as a map of the state.
The Statistics section contains important statistics on American History.
Information covered includes:
A decade-by-decade presentation on:
Ã US population
Ã Land Area
Ã Size of armed forces
Ã Urban and Rural breakdown.
There are also charts that depict:
Ã Armed forces of the US
Ã Cities by Size
Ã Employment by Thousands
Ã Foreign Trade Balance
Ã Land Area of the US
Ã Prisoners in the US
Ã Population in the Colonies
Ã School Enrollment
This section contains a multimedia overview that summarized immigration history of the United States. There are also a series of charts that depict immigration both by years and by countries.
I. THE DOCUMENTS SECTION
The document section contains over 500 documents in American history. They can be accessed in three ways. From the document section they can be accessed either by period or alphabetically. In addition many of the key documents can be accessed directly from the event that are depicted.