On this day in 1648 the Treaty of Westphalia was signed. This ended the Thirty Years war.
On this day in 1931 the George Washington Bridge was opened. The bridge-linked Manhattan Island with New Jersey crossed the Hudson River.
On this day in 1945 the former head of the "puppet " government of Norway Vidku Quisling was executed. Quisling name has become a term used to define collaboration with the enemy. Discuss why people collaborate with enemy conquerors.
On this day in 1945 the United Nations Charter was officially adopted.
On this day in 1956 a revolt broke out in Hungary, when a new hard-line leader in Hungary ordered police to open up on demonstrators. This began the violent revolt
On this day in 1926 Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party. This represented the final victory of Stalin over Trotsky for the future of the Soviet Union and the communist party.
On this day in 1942 the Battle of El Alamein began. In this battle General Montgomery faced off against German Field Marshall Rommel in the Egyptian desert. Montgomery defeated Rommel and ended the German threat to Egypt If Montgomery would have lost the battle the outcome of World War II might have been very different.
In 1954 the four allied powers the US, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union agreed to end the allied occupation of Germany. Germany would remain divided for another 35 years.
On this day in 1811 Franz Liszt the Hungarian composer was born.
On this day in 1835 Sam Houston was sworn in as President of Texas
On this day 1962 President Kennedy spoke to the American people announcing that the Soviets had placed missiles in Cuba.
On this day in 1833 Alfred Nobel was born. Nobel made his fortune for inventing dynamite. Late in life his brother died but newspaperers thought he died and ran his obituary. The headlines stated that the father of death had died. Nobel decided that was not what he wanted to be remembered for. It inspired him to establish the Nobel Prize for leading scientists, artists and peacemakers.
On this day in 1879 Thomas Edison demonstrated the incadescent light bulb.
On this day in 1827 The British, French and Russians defeated the Ottomans in the Battle of Navarino. The Ottomans were totally wiped out in the battle and this began their long decline against European power.
On this day in 1935 the Communist Chinese led by Mao Tse-Tung began what became known as the Great March. 90,000 people began a 6,000 mile trek.
On this day in 1944 General MacArthur landed in Leyte, thus fulfilling his promise to return to the Philippines.
On this day in 1973 President Nixon tried to end the Watergate Scandal by firing Special Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox, then Attorney General Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D Ruckelshaus. The events became known as the Saturday Night Massacre. It was the beginning of the end for Nixon because it totally undermined whatever credibility he might have had. Discuss why the cover-up is always worse then the original crime.