Constitution Takes Effect

Philadelphia


The first state to ratify the US Constitution was Delaware. New Hampshire was the ninth state to sign; it provided the final vote needed for the two-thirds majority, at which point the Constitution took effect. The only State to vote against the Constitution was North Carolina.


Heated debates took place throughout the states concerning the new Constitution. Three advocates of the Constitution; James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay; published the "Federalist Papers" in order to support ratification. These papers discussed the balance of power between the various sections of government.

The following is the order and vote of the state conventions which ratified the Constitution:

1. Delaware..................... Dec. 7, 1787............ Unanimous

2. Pennsylvania.............. Dec. 12, 1787............ 46-23

3. New Jersey................. Dec. 18, 1787.......... Unanimous

4. Georgia....................... Jan. 2, 1788............ Unanimous

5. Connecticut............... Jan. 9, 1788............. 128-40

6. Massachusetts........... Feb. 7, 1788............ 187-168

7. Maryland................... Apr. 28, 1788............. 63-11

8. South Carolina.......... May 23, 1788.......... 149-73

9. New Hampshire......... Jun. 21, 1788............. 57-46

10. Virginia..................... Jun. 26, 1788............. 89-79

11. New York................. Jul. 26, 1788.............. 89-79

12. North Carolina......... Nov. 21, 1789.......... 195-77

13. Rhode Island............ May 29, 1790........... 34-32