|On October 13th, Italy invaded Ethiopia. Although Mussolini gave a number of pretexts for the invasion, the only real reason was Mussolini's nationalist expansionist interest. The Italian advance was initially slow. By Spring 1936, however, the Italians had begun large-scale bombing and to use poison gas. The Ethiopians were quickly vanquished and Addis Ababa was captured on May 5, 1936.